When you read a workout you are reading an almost always unique task because usually adapted to a small number of athletes, or so it should be. In addition, each workout is written by a coach, a person with all their “circumstances”. For this reason every coach expresses the same work differently , although there are concepts, words or abbreviations common to almost everyone. For that reason I am going to help meet if not all abbreviations that exist within swimming workouts, if sufficient to read almost all majority.
Here I present the dictionary with a brief explanation of each term:
CAL: Warming. Initial part of training, progressive in intensity that prepares the athlete both physically and mentally.
Nd: . Nado is often used in warm – ups and returns to calm.
A1: Aerobic 1 or Light . Swimming intensity of 50 to 70 beats per minute below the maximum heart rate.
RF1: resistance force 1. Swim intensity A1 but with greater strength requirement. Normally this increase in strength is achieved through different materials.
A2: Aerobic 2 , or Medium . Swimming intensity of 50-40 beats per minute below the maximum heart rate.
RF2: Resistance Force 2. Swim intensity A2 but with greater strength requirement. Normally this increase in strength is achieved through different materials.
A3: Aerobic 3 or Intense . Swimming intensity of 40 to 30 beats per minute below the maximum heart rate.
Rf3 or RF MIX: Resistance Strength 3 . Swim A3 intensity but with greater strength requirement. Normally this increase in strength is achieved through different materials.
CAE: Aerobic Capacity . A level of intensity corresponding to the A3.The hue is defined as the ability to maintain this intensity for as long aspossible and little rest.
PAE: . Aerobic Power A intensity level also corresponds to the A3. The nuance that the difference is that the power CAE seeks the highest peak swimming speed possible for such intensity for shorter time periods. When looking at this intensity several repetitions, breaks should be of sufficient length.
CLA: Capacity Lactic. Nado at greater than 30 beats per minute intensity for as long as possible and relatively short rest.
PLA: Power Lactic . Wave maximum speed at above 30 bpm intensity.Breaks between several repetitions should be sufficient or complete.
V or VEL: Speed training.
CALA: alactic capacity. Ability to maintain absolute maximum speed possible as many repetitions with relatively little sleep thanks to alactic anaerobic metabolism.
PALA: Power Lactic. Possibility of generating the maximum speed through the lactic anaerobic metabolism.
UAN: Anaerobic Threshold . Wave maximum speed which can swim without a significant increase in lactate concentration. It is an individual thing that usually corresponds to a heart rate of 40-30 beats per minute below the maximum heart rate.
BR: . Training arm can be made with pull – buoy, shovels, rubber, etc.
Pull – buoy . Element flotation shaped filler 8 within. Helps the body to improve its position in the water no longer move her legs to improve strength of arms.
Al or Alet : fins.
Pls: Palas . Plastic surface that is placed in their hands in order to improve the feel of hand pressure and therefore the strength of the stroke.
Pq: . Small finger or Palas Palas only cover the toes. They are used to place either hand at the beginning of the stroke. In addition, bracistas use them with great frequency.
GOMA (G): Goma . It is simply a circular piece of thin rubber that is placed at the ankles and causes can not move your feet.
PP: Pull – buoy and shovels.
PPQ: Pull – buoy and small shovels or brazista.
PPG: Pull – Buoy, shovels and rubber for ankles (tying feet).
Pn: . Training legs can help fins, table or tuba.
Tech: Training technique.
PRO: . Reps progressive That group of repetitions that each swimmer swims faster than the previous one .
REG: retrogressive Reps. That group of repetitions that each swimmer swims slower than the previous one . It is used to retrieve the athlete both physically and mentally hard work, for the next task or training session.
The most important of this dictionary is that there are several entries that mean the same thing according to AbbreviationFinder, and rarely find together in a workout or a coach unlikely to use both terms. For example, the coach who use the A3 is not likely to use the distinction between CAE and PAE.
10×100-1’30 “or c / 1’30 ”: output interval repetition to another.That is, in 1’30 ” the swimmer must do the 100m and rest. A faster, more rest time and vice versa.
10×100 / 15 “: Fixed Rest after swimming each repetition, swim at the speed they swim.
C: Style crawl.
E: Style back.
B: Style breaststroke.
M: Style butterfly.
Ei or X: . Individual Style Swim butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and front crawl followed in that order.
Ep: Main style or style of each athlete.
Arrival: Arrival. How the swimmer performs the last five to seven meters each swim away and touches the wall.
DxB: Distance per stroke . Forward as possible with each stroke, with the target efficiency.
Mto pto. . Deadlock exercise technique in which predominates the static exercises
p / m: Beats per minute. Heartbeats to a certain intensity of training.
VO2max: . Peak Oxygen Uptake When this intensity is checked, corresponding to 10 beats below the maximum, one in which the amount of oxygen the body uses to generate energy is the maximum.Of course, the maximum oxygen consumption occurs when the anaerobic metabolism is operating at full capacity.
Black Level: . Negative Swim Perform the second half faster than the first half distance.
MMP: personal best.
R200, R400, R100, R1500 … Ritmo swim or swim speed to said distance.
VIR: Swerve. Transition between long and another. Each style has its specific techniques.