Albania. Despite attempts to reach a consensus, the year
was turbulent in Albania, which repeatedly changed the head
In January, Socialist Prime Minister Ilir Meta resigned
because of conflicts with his party leader, Fatos Nano. The
opposition, which had boycotted Parliament following
allegations of electoral fraud, welcomed Meta's decision and
took its seats in the Assembly. Meta's representative and
party mate Pandeli Majko formed a new government in
Before the June presidential election, the government and
opposition agreed on a single candidate, General Alfred
Moisiu. Nano wanted to have the post himself but met
resistance from his arch rival, the president Sali Berisha.
Both were urged by Western powers to unite and not
jeopardize stability, especially given the country's desire
to become a candidate country for the EU.
When Moisiu took office at the end of July, Majko
resigned and the president appointed Nano a new prime
minister, a post he previously held. As part of a promised
fight against corruption, Nano dismissed the country's
police, customs and tax chiefs after taking office.
Countryaah website, Leka Zog returned to Albania after an amnesty was issued.
The son of King Zog, who was ousted by the Communists in
1946, had returned in 1997 but was soon forced to flee again
after a failed attempt to restore the monarchy.
The Albanians consider themselves descendants of the
Illyrians. A people who in ancient times lived in the
western part of the Balkan Peninsula. However, this is a
view that many scholars outside Albania do not share, and
the origin of the Albanians cannot be considered clear. The
Albanian language is completely isolated within the
Indo-European language family. Based on, among other things,
linguistic and anthropological criteria, the Albanians are
divided into two groups: Ghegers and Tusks. Ghegars (67%)
are located in Northern Albania and in the Kosovo region of
Yugoslavia (about ½ million). The Tusks live south of the
river Shkumbi, and also live approx. 100,000 in Greece and
approx. 100,000 in Italy (Sicily, Calabria). Ghegian and
Tuscan are two separate dialects. But the main difference
between the Ghegians and the fools lies in their traditional
occupation and social organization. The Ghegans live
scattered in inaccessible mountain areas and have
traditionally been feeding on cattle farming. For centuries,
they have lived in isolation from the outside world and
received little influence from outside. Nor did the Turks
ever get full control of this area. The Ghegians have up to
this point maintained a primitive patriarchal tribal system.
The chiefs of each tribe settled disputes, arranged
marriages and punished. Characteristic of the Ghegians was
the blood-vengeance, which is not yet completely eradicated.
Even in the 1920's, 20% of deaths among the male population
were due to blood revenge. The Tusks, on the other hand,
have more similarities to the other peoples of the Balkans.
They live in compact villages, and have traditionally
nourished themselves by farming. Until 1945, this part of
the country was dominated by Ottoman feudalism, where the
landlords were most often Muslims and the rural workers were
predominantly Christian. The Tusks have always been more
accessible to outside influences, and new ideas and ideas
have most often penetrated Albania through this region.
Also, in religious terms, Albanians have been divided into
several groups. The overwhelming majority were Muslims (70%)
who were divided into two groups. The Ghegans in the north
were Orthodox Sunni Muslims, while the fools in the south
were predominantly professors. The Christians constituted
30%, 20% of them were Grecian Orthodox Tusks, and 10% were
Catholic heretics around the city of Shkodėr.