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Angola

Yearbook 2002

Angola. The 27-year war between the army and the rebel movement UNITA ended at the beginning of the year, after UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in battle.

2002 Angola

In the months leading up to Savimbi's death in February in the eastern province of Moxico, the army had pursued the rebel leader using "the tactics of the burnt earth." Up to 300,000 people were estimated to have been driven away from their homes and their crops destroyed to deprive UNITA of protection and livelihood. Savimbi and his closest companions were forced into open terrain, where they could be tracked by airplanes and spy satellites.

Following Savimbi's death, UNITA lost all combat power, especially as the movement's second man Antonio Dembo was reported to have died. A few weeks after Savimbi's death, the army interrupted the offensive and began peace talks with captured rebel generals. A peace agreement was signed in early April and A's parliament granted amnesty to all UNITA members. UNITA's military branch was disbanded and a new leader after Savimbi was appointed secretary-general of the movement Paulo "Gato" Lukamba.

According to Countryaah website, more than 80,000 UNITA members and their families, a total of over 300,000 people, gathered in demobilization camps. Of these, 5,000 rebel soldiers will be included in the army and the others will receive job training in order to participate in the reconstruction of the country. More than half a million people are estimated to have been killed in the war and 100,000 mutilated by mines. More than four million became homeless. According to the UN, the final phase of the war also led to acute distress due to the devastation in the countryside. Half a million people were estimated to starve and another one million were directly dependent on drug aid to survive.

In December, the government was broadened and UNITA was awarded four ministerial posts. At the same time, the post of Prime Minister was reinstated after more than three years of vacancy. The assignment was awarded to former Minister of the Interior Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos. After the government reform, the UN lifted all economic and political sanctions against UNITA.

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