Angola. The 27-year war between the army and the rebel
movement UNITA ended at the beginning of the year, after
UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in battle.
In the months leading up to Savimbi's death in February
in the eastern province of Moxico, the army had pursued the
rebel leader using "the tactics of the burnt earth." Up to
300,000 people were estimated to have been driven away from
their homes and their crops destroyed to deprive UNITA of
protection and livelihood. Savimbi and his closest
companions were forced into open terrain, where they could
be tracked by airplanes and spy satellites.
Following Savimbi's death, UNITA lost all combat power,
especially as the movement's second man Antonio Dembo was
reported to have died. A few weeks after Savimbi's death,
the army interrupted the offensive and began peace talks
with captured rebel generals. A peace agreement was signed
in early April and A's parliament granted amnesty to all
UNITA members. UNITA's military branch was disbanded and a
new leader after Savimbi was appointed secretary-general of
the movement Paulo "Gato" Lukamba.
Countryaah website, more than 80,000 UNITA members and their families, a
total of over 300,000 people, gathered in demobilization
camps. Of these, 5,000 rebel soldiers will be included in
the army and the others will receive job training in order
to participate in the reconstruction of the country. More
than half a million people are estimated to have been killed
in the war and 100,000 mutilated by mines. More than four
million became homeless. According to the UN, the final
phase of the war also led to acute distress due to the
devastation in the countryside. Half a million people were
estimated to starve and another one million were directly
dependent on drug aid to survive.
In December, the government was broadened and UNITA was
awarded four ministerial posts. At the same time, the post
of Prime Minister was reinstated after more than three years
of vacancy. The assignment was awarded to former Minister of
the Interior Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos. After the
government reform, the UN lifted all economic and political
sanctions against UNITA.