Botswana. During the year, the Government of Botswana
ended up in an international political conflict because of
its decision to force the last group of bush people
(basarwa) from the country's largest nature reserve in the
More than a few thousand basarwa were displaced during
the 1980s and 1990s from their traditional locations in the
Central Kalahari Game Reserve, but a few hundred people
remained there. At the beginning of the year, the government
declared that it could no longer afford health care or
supplies of water and other supplies to the small bazaar
The government was accused from several quarters of
wanting to drive away the bush people and thereby wipe out
their traditional lifestyle, with the intention of accessing
diamond and uranium deposits in the nature reserve. In
Europe, votes were raised to reduce aid to Botswana.
However, the Botswana government believed that it offered
generous compensation and that it was best for the basarwa
to relocate, as the group would then have access to water
and services that are not in the nature reserve..The
government's decision to withdraw the water supply and the
hunting permit of the bazaar were taken to court.
Countryaah website, Botswana had the highest proportion of HIV-infected
residents in the world, 38%, and was the only country in
Africa to decide to offer medicines to all those affected.
But despite discounts from pharmaceutical companies and
outside financial assistance, it was very difficult to
create an effective program to fight HIV and AIDS.
An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease during the year in
northeastern Botswana created great concern. Through the
vaccination and emergency slaughter of large numbers of
cattle, attempts were made to stop epizootin. Livestock
management is the country's most important food industry and
accounts for three-quarters of Botswana's agricultural