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Botswana

Yearbook 2002

Botswana. During the year, the Government of Botswana ended up in an international political conflict because of its decision to force the last group of bush people (basarwa) from the country's largest nature reserve in the Kalahari desert.

2002 Botswana

More than a few thousand basarwa were displaced during the 1980s and 1990s from their traditional locations in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, but a few hundred people remained there. At the beginning of the year, the government declared that it could no longer afford health care or supplies of water and other supplies to the small bazaar group.

The government was accused from several quarters of wanting to drive away the bush people and thereby wipe out their traditional lifestyle, with the intention of accessing diamond and uranium deposits in the nature reserve. In Europe, votes were raised to reduce aid to Botswana. However, the Botswana government believed that it offered generous compensation and that it was best for the basarwa to relocate, as the group would then have access to water and services that are not in the nature reserve..The government's decision to withdraw the water supply and the hunting permit of the bazaar were taken to court.

According to Countryaah website, Botswana had the highest proportion of HIV-infected residents in the world, 38%, and was the only country in Africa to decide to offer medicines to all those affected. But despite discounts from pharmaceutical companies and outside financial assistance, it was very difficult to create an effective program to fight HIV and AIDS.

An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease during the year in northeastern Botswana created great concern. Through the vaccination and emergency slaughter of large numbers of cattle, attempts were made to stop epizootin. Livestock management is the country's most important food industry and accounts for three-quarters of Botswana's agricultural production.

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