Chad. In January, a peace deal was concluded after three
years of civil war between the Chadian government and the
rebel group Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad
(MDJT), which had its bases at the Libyan border. MDJT was
led by former Defense Minister Youssouf Togoimi.
Under the agreement, ceasefire would be followed by the
release of prisoners and the rebel soldiers would be
integrated into the government army. MDJT's leaders were
also promised participation in the government. Libya, which
is an important donor to Chad, acted as mediator in the
peace talks and said it was a guarantor of keeping the peace
Countryaah website, the political opposition demanded that the general
election scheduled for April be held later. It was felt that
the election was not sufficiently prepared to give all
citizens a chance to vote. However, the claim was rejected
by the government and the election was carried out as
President Idriss Déby's own party and his support parties
strengthened as expected. They received almost four-fifths
of the mandate, as opposing candidates were missing in many
constituencies and two important opposition parties
boycotted the election. The turnout was very low and varied
between 20 and 40% in different parts of the country.
On election day, opposition leader Mahamat Gueti was
killed when his car exploded in the north of the country.
Gueti led the African Democratic Party.
The process that would give the rebel movement the MDJT
part in government power and in the government army stopped,
reportedly due to disagreement among the rebels. In May,
battles broke out in the north for the first time after the
peace agreement. The rebels claimed to have killed about 60