Comoros. According to
Countryaah website, President Azali Assoumani, who has governed the
Comoros since the 1999 coup, resigned at the beginning of
the year to take part in the federal presidential election
in April. Power was temporarily taken over by a transitional
government in which the opposition also participated.
However, opposition politicians left the government after a
Before the presidential election, each island would have
adopted its own statutes that would be approved in
referendums. The same happened in Anjouan and Mohéli as
early as 2001. At Grand Comore, the vote was not held until
March, but the constitutional proposal was then rejected by
voters. However, the new constitution was approved by voters
Regional presidential elections were held on March 31 at
Anjouan and Mohéli. In Anjouan, military leader Mohammed
Bacar won by almost 70% of the vote. At Mohéli there was a
dead race between two candidates. A new round of elections
was held in early April and won by Mohammed Said Fazul.
In the April 14 federal presidential election, three
candidates, in addition to Azali Assoumani, also placed
Mahmoud Mradabe, a wealthy businessman, and Said Ali Kemal,
descendants of the princes of Grand Comore.
The latter two claimed that irregularities had occurred
during the election movement and called for a boycott.
Several violent incidents were reported during Election Day.
Voter turnout was low on all islands. According to
preliminary results, Azali Assoumani won with 75% of the
vote. International observers said the election had been
carried out correctly, but refrained from calling it free
and honest. However, the election was annulled by the
National Electoral Commission, which ordered a new vote. The
election was later approved by a new electoral authority.
Azali Assoumani took office as president in late May.
Shortly before, opposition politician Abdou Soule Elbak had
won the Grand Comore regional presidential election. This
was seen as a setback for Assoumani.
A power struggle between the two created new tensions on
the main island, and in June the military surrounded several
government buildings. According to several analysts, the
conflict was mainly about who would have control over the