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France

Yearbook 2002

France. According to Countryaah website, the first round of the presidential election in April became a political scare when right-wing extremist National Front candidate Jean-Marie Le Pen unexpectedly received more votes than Prime Minister Lionel Jospin. The second round thus stood between Le Pen and the incumbent President Jacques Chirac, while socialist Jospin bitterly announced that he was leaving and left politics for good. Low turnout and a divided left contributed to the unexpected result.

2002 France

2002 FranceThe political establishment, including virtually the entire left and the environmental movement, gathered for a power demonstration against the xenophobic Le Pen in the second round of May 5, and Chirac won with just over 82% of the vote. The next day he appointed Jean-Pierre Raffarin as Prime Minister. Raffarin, from the Liberal Party DL, formed an interim government of the center and right parties dominated by Chirac's Conservative Assembly for the Republic, RPR.

The bourgeois bloc consolidated its dominance in elections to the National Assembly in June. The Socialists lost 101 seats and the Allied Communist Party made its second worst election since it was founded in 1920. Le Pen failed to consolidate its past successes; The national front did not receive a single mandate. The government of the refinery remained unchanged.

In November, the victorious Alliance UMP (Union for President Majority) was transformed into a new party that brought together the previously so divided French right. The party retained the abbreviation but called itself the Union for popular movement. It included the RPR, the liberal DL and parts of the Union for French democracy, the UDF. Former Prime Minister Alain Juppé was elected leader. The UMP had a satisfactory majority with 400 of the 577 seats in the National Assembly. Many saw the new party as a first step towards a two-party system in France.

President Chirac was charged with attempted murder during a parade on National Day July 14, when a man fired a shot at him. The perpetrator was quickly overpowered and no one was injured. The man was reported to have acted on his own, but a right-wing extremist group he had contact with, Radical Unity (UR), was banned a few weeks later as a result of the attempted assault.

The widespread strikes and the social unrest that some predicted after the right's success in the elections failed. Yet in practice, the government tore up, among other things. the 35-hour week introduced by the socialists. In October, however, large demonstrations were held against planned cuts and sales of state-owned companies. However, the plans proceeded on a sale of the airline Air France and in November the government announced that under certain conditions France would be ready to deregulate the electricity market within a few years.

In the autumn, it was clear that France risked a warning from the EU about weak government finances. The budget deficit was estimated to be too close to the three percent limit of the Stability Pact. The government still refused to promise to try to reduce the deficit and announced that election promises on tax cuts and more money for police and defense would be fulfilled.

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