Guinea. According to
Countryaah website, the parliamentary elections, which would have
been held in the spring of 2000, were held on June 30.
Several opposition parties boycotted the election. Of the
twelve parties running for election, only three belonged to
the political opposition.
None of them could threaten the power of the governing
Unity and Progress Party (Parti de l'Unité et du Progrès,
PUP). The PUP won 85 of the 114 seats, which was an increase
of 14 seats compared to 1995. The largest opposition party
was the Union for Progress and Renewal (Union pour le
Progrès et le Renouveau, UPR) which received 20 seats.
According to official data, turnout was just over 70%, but
both this figure and the election result were questioned by
Struggles in Liberia increased tensions around the border
and led to new refugee flows from neighboring countries. In
September, relief workers expressed concerns that the safety
of refugees and locals could not be guaranteed.
In the fall, reports came that mass graves with hundreds
of corpses had been found near the town of Kindia in the
west of the country. According to a domestic human rights
organization, most of the victims are believed to have been
executed in the 1960s and 1970s under the dictatorship of
On January 12, 2010, Camara was flown from Morocco to
Burkina Faso, and at a meeting in the capital Ouagadougou,
Camara, Konaté and Burkina President Blaise Compaoré agreed
on a 12-point agreement to bring Guinea back to civilian
rule within 6 months. They agreed that the military should
not nominate its own candidates for the presidential
election and that Camara should continue its re-election
outside Guinea. On January 21, the dictatorship appointed
Jean-Marie Doré as prime minister for a transitional
government in the period leading up to the planned
In 2010, presidential elections were held - the first
free elections in the country's history since independence
in 1958. In the second round of the November elections,
Alpha Condé was elected to the post with 52.52% of the vote
against Cellou Dalein Diallo, who had to settle for 47.48 %.
Otherwise, Diallo came out strongest in the first round in
June with 43.69% of the vote against Condé's 18.25%. The
second round was originally due in July, but was postponed
on several occasions and in September, the president of the
Independent Electoral Commission, Ben Sekou Sylla and a
clerk in this one were convicted of tampering with the
voting result. The vote largely followed ethnic lines, with
the Fulanis supporting Diallo, while Condé supported the
Malinians. Following the announcement of the result, riots
erupted, with Fulani erecting barricades and burnt down
In June 2011, Condé set up a Peace and Reconciliation
Commission. However, there was considerable uncertainty
about its mandate and powers of power, and the initiative
was taken without consultation with civil society. The EU
and the US were pushing for the president to hold
parliamentary elections, while the international human
rights organizations and the ICC placed more emphasis on
resolving the massacre in September 2009 and bringing those
guilty to justice. At the same time, corruption and nepotism
continued unchanged in the country.
On July 19, 2011, the president's residence was subjected
to a mortar and rocket attack and for 2 hours the
presidential guard fought the assailants. One member of the
garden was killed and two injured, but Condé was not hit. A
former army chief and 38 soldiers were arrested a few days
later for the coup attempt. UN Representative in West Africa
Said Djinnit stated that the coup attempt underscored the
need for further reforms of Guinea's military.
In September, a demonstration was held to mark the 2 year
anniversary of the 2009 massacre, in which 150 were killed.
But this memorial demonstration was also attacked. Security
forces killed 3 protesters.