Haiti. According to
Countryaah website, the political crisis that has raged in Haiti ever
since the May 2000 debates, when both foreign observers and
the opposition accused the ruling party Fanmi Lavalas of
manipulating the election results, continued during this
year as well.
The talks that have taken place in the US partner
organization OAS under the auspices of solving the crisis
have been fruitless.
On January 23, Prime Minister Jean-Marie Chéréstal
resigned following allegations of corruption by members of
Congress in his own party. He was succeeded by Yvon Neptune.
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide proposed in July that
elections for the House of Representatives and 2/3 of the
Senate should be held in November.
In February 2006, presidential elections were held, won
by René Préval, who was inaugurated in May as the country's
president. Preval was prime minister under Aristide in
1990-91, and president in 1996-2001. During the election
campaign, he sought to distance himself from the Lavalas
movement for which he was previously elected. This time he
stood for Fwon Lespwa (fr: Front de l'Espoir, Front
of Hope). But, as in his previous presidential term, he was
first and foremost elected by the country's poorest.
After two years of uncertainty, in June 2006, a new
democratic government joined with Jacques-Edouard Alexis as
prime minister. In July, a number of donors approved a $ 750
million relief package for the country US $ to bring it back
In January 2007, UN forces managed to regain control of
Cite Soleil - one of Port au Prince's most violent slums -
after weeks of fighting street gangs.
In early April 2008, widespread protests erupted against
rising food prices. Only since 2007 has the price of basic
foods such as rice increased by more than 50%. On April 8,
protesters attacked the presidential palace but were driven
back by UN troops. On April 9, President Preval spoke to the
public, declaring that rising food prices were a global
problem that was not solved by attacking and looting
businesses. He further stated that he would press the police
and UN troops against the protesters, and despite strong
calls to lower tariffs on imported foods, the president
declared this would not happen as the state was in dire need
of revenue. It was not a message Haiti's hungry people could
use to much, so the demonstrations continued. The 12th. In
April, Parliament removed Prime Minister Alexis because he
was unable to handle the situation, and the same day the
President announced that the price of rice would be cut by
18%. Foreign aid should cover the costs and at the same time
Haiti would seek assistance from Venezuela.
It took 3 months before Parliament could approve a new
prime minister on the president's side. It was Michèle
Pierre-Louis, who was approved in July and posted to the
post in September. Nor did she last long. In October 2009,
Parliament removed her as she could not control the food
crisis and the economic crisis. She was replaced on the post
by Jean-Max Bellerive.