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Indonesia

Yearbook 2002

2002 IndonesiaIndonesia. According to Countryaah website, Parliament President Akbar Tanjung was sentenced to three years in prison for spending more than SEK 40 million from the Treasury for the then Golkar government election campaign in 1999. Former President Suharto's son Tommy was sentenced to 15 years in prison for ordering the 2001 murder of a judge at the Supreme Court.

Other trials during the year caused outrage through their mild judgments. The Special Court for War Crimes in East Timor sentenced former Governor Abilio Soares to three years in prison but acquitted six other people, including the area's former police chief.

2002 Indonesia

Eurico Guterres, leader of one of the militia that terrorized East Timor, was sentenced to ten years in prison for a massacre, but remains free until the appeal is processed, which can take several years. The unrest in remote provinces continued. Jafar Umar Thalib, leader of the Islamist movement Laskar Jihad, was prosecuted following a massacre of Christians on the island of Ambon in the Moluccas.

The government also threatened to forcibly expel the Islamists from the Moluccas, where they traveled to wage a "holy war" against the Christians. Laskar Jihad later claimed that the movement dissolved and members began to leave the Moluccas. Aceh in northern Sumatra introduced Islamic law, sharia, as part of the increased autonomy accorded to the province in 2001, but the fighting between the army and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM, Gerakan Aceh Merdeka) continued, even after GAM's supreme military leader Abdullah Syafii was shot dead. Peace negotiations were conducted during the autumn via Swiss mediation and in early December an agreement on a ceasefire was signed. Elections for an autonomous government will be held in 2004 and Aceh may retain 70% of the revenues from its gas and oil deposits. The agreement seemed fragile and armed clashes continued until further notice.

A blast attack on the Kuta Beach tourist area on the island of Bali on October 12 killed around 190 people, most of them foreign tourists, including five Swedish women and one Swedish-Greek man. About 20 people were arrested during the fall for participation in the attack. All those arrested were linked to extreme Islamist movements, mainly Jemaa Islamiyya. The possible connection to the al-Qaeda terror network could not be covered.

The attack was a blow to tourism in Bali and the whole of Indonesia and was expected to reduce economic growth by about 1 percentage point. Shortly before the attack, Indonesia had been promised a deferment with payment of a debt to the United States of half a billion dollars and a late repayment of $ 380 million to France. The International Monetary Fund had also pledged a $ 340 million loan in exchange for accelerated economic reforms. sale of banks.

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