Jordan. The government was reformed on January 14 after adopting a new budget, designed to boost the economy. Prime Minister Ali Abu Raghib stayed in the post and appointed US Ambassador Marwan Muashir as Foreign Minister. King Abdullah announced on August 15 that the election that would have been held in September was postponed to spring 2003. He referred to “difficult regional conditions”, which were interpreted as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the threat of an attack on Iraq. Originally, the election would have been held in November 2001.
According to Countryaah website, national day of Jordan is every May 25. The town of Maan in southern Jordan was shaken by unrest during the year. Kravaller broke out in January after a 17-year-old boy died in police custody. In November, the army entered the city and arrested more than 130 people, many said to be militant Islamists. Five people, including two police officers, were killed in firefights and curfews prevailed for a time. The city, which has about 40,000 residents, many of whom live in great poverty, has previously been shaken by bread riots. Maan is an Islamic stronghold and demonstrations in support of Iraq’s leader Saddam Hussein have taken place.
Iraq promised November 22 to continue supplying oil to Jordan. The countries also agreed on trade exchanges. Jordan’s Foreign Minister Muashir had declared in July that J. would not allow bases to the United States for possible attacks against Iraq.
The Qatar-based TV channel al-Jazira was banned from operating in the country on August 7 since it aired a program that was considered to be forging Jordan’s royal house. Jordan also called his Qatar Ambassador home. The freedom of the press and demonstration rights in Jordan has been restricted in the past year.
Several cases of so-called honor killings were reported, despite a tightening of the law at the end of 2001. Another notable case involved Tujan Faysal, formerly Jordan’s first female MP. She was jailed in March and sentenced in May to 18 months in prison for slander after accusing government members of corruption. She was pardoned by the king in June.
Jordan rejected the chairmanship of the Alliance-Free Movement in mid-April, citing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Malaysia took over the assignment. Nor did King Abdullah visit the Arab League summit in Lebanon at the end of March.
In July, it was announced that ten people who planned to attack Israeli and American targets in Jordan were arrested in the spring. But on October 28, an American diplomat was murdered in the capital Amman. No group took on the deed, which was the first of its kind. The United States sent some staff home.
Israel and Jordan announced in September that they would work together to prevent the Dead Sea from drying out due to water diverting from the Jordan River. The project was estimated to cost $ 800 million.
In mid-December, authorities arrested two alleged members of the al-Qaeda terror network, identified as participating in the assassination of an American diplomat on October 28.