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Yearbook 2002

Mozambique. According to Countryaah website, the major political parties started charging for the 2004 presidential election. Gov. Frelimo appointed Armando Guebuza as his presidential candidate, which should mean he succeeds Joaquim Chissano. Guebuza made himself known as a hard-line guerrilla leader in the 1970s and 1980s, but quickly adapted to the market economy in the 1990s.

However, the opposition party Renamo, the former rebel movement, is in crisis. The entire party secretariat was dismissed and the chairman Afonso Dhlakama took over the party secretary post until further notice. At the same time spread leaflets demanding Dhlakama's departure.

2002 Mozambique

1986 Machel dies in plane crash

In addition to the already very serious economic and military situation, the country was hit by a new tragedy when President Machel died on October 19, 86, in a plane crash on his way home from a summit in Zambia. At this meeting, President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire, Josť Eduardo Dos Santos of Angola and Samora had themselves discussed the joint efforts against South Africa's aggression against the independent states of southern Africa and its support for the counter-revolutionary movements UNITA and RENAMO respectively.. Angola and Mozambique. The plane crash is still unresolved. It is not known whether the crash was the consequence of sabotage or whether it was an accident.

On November 3, at an extraordinary meeting, the FRELIMO Central Committee appointed then-Secretary of State Joaquim Chissano as President and Commander of the Armed Forces.

The following year, the Mozambican government began revising parts of the economic strategy it had followed since independence in 75. a more flexible policy towards foreign investment was introduced, and local producers were encouraged to increase investment. These were the first steps towards the development of a mixed economy that was confirmed at FRELIMO's 5th congress in July 89. At the same congress, the party abandoned Marxism-Leninism as ideology.


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