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Nepal

Yearbook 2002

Nepal. According to Countryaah website, the war against the Maoist guerrillas continued uninterrupted throughout the year. There were regular reports of hundreds of people killed on both sides during a few days of fighting, usually in remote areas of western Nepal. A new anti-terrorist law stipulated life imprisonment for active guerrilla members. The Reporters Without Borders organization claimed that the government restricted the freedom of the press in the fight against guerrillas. Hundreds of journalists are said to have been arrested under the exception laws that have prevailed since November 2001.

2002 Nepal

In April, Parliament passed a new anti-corruption law, shortly after King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Deb appointed a commission to investigate corruption within the government and government. Under the new law, a politician convicted of corruption may not run for office for five years. Corruption is considered to be one of the factors that triggered the Maoist uprising in 1996.

On May 22, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba dissolved Parliament and announced new elections, just hours before Parliament was expected to vote down a proposal for an extended state of emergency. The decision aroused both opposition and within Deuba's own party, the Nepalese Congress Party. It was considered unreasonable to hold elections in the midst of a fiery war. Three days later, Deuba was expelled from the Congress Party, but shortly thereafter his supporters made a declaration of no confidence in party leader Girija Prasad Koirala, excluded him and elected Deuba as party chairman. In September, Deuba formed a new party, called the Democratic Nepalese Congress Party.

The state of emergency, which was extended by three months after Parliament was dissolved, expired on August 28 to allow for an election campaign. It was announced that the election would be held for six rounds from November 13 to January 10, 2003.

However, when Prime Minister Deuba himself began to doubt that the election could be held and asked King Gyanendra to postpone it, he replied by dismissing the entire government and publicly declaring Deuba unpopular. For a week, the king himself had all the power, before appointing loyal loyalist Lokendra Bahadur Chand as new prime minister. Chand had previously been head of government for a couple of years in the 1980s, during the time of the absolute monarchy, and for half a year 1997.

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