New Zealand. The alliance, which was part of a government
coalition along with Labor, split during the spring. The
reason was disagreements over the government's 2001 decision
to offer the United States support in its war on terrorism.
Countryaah website, a minority objected to allowing the country's armed forces
to participate in US-led operations. Deputy Prime Minister
Jim Anderton formed a new party, the Progressive Coalition
(Progressive Coalition, PC).
In June, Prime Minister Helen Clark apologized to the
people of the Samoa Islands for the brutal treatment they
suffered during the colonial era. She intended, among other
things, the authorities' decision in 1918 to let people
ashore from a ship despite knowing that they were suffering
from Spanish illness. More than a fifth of the island
population died in the epidemic that followed. In 1929, at
least nine pacifist protesters were shot to death by New
The July 27 parliamentary election was a clear success
for Labor, but the party failed to reach its own majority in
Parliament despite opinion polls. Labor received 52 of the
120 seats, an increase of three. The largest opposition
party, the Nationalist Party, received only 27 seats, losing
almost a third of its seats.
Neither did PC make a good choice and only got two seats.
Instead, several small parties went ahead; the right-wing
populist New Zealand first, which received 13 seats, the
Green Party, which got eight and the bourgeois United Future
Party (UFZN), which increased from one to nine seats.
In August, Labor formed a new government together with
PC, but also promised support from UFZN.
Wildlife in New Zealand
There are no native mammals in New Zealand, except for
two species of bats, which have their closest relatives in
Australia and South Africa.
More than 330 bird species have been observed. There are
many seabird species, and initially few species of landbirds.
Civilization caused a sharp decline for some peculiar
species such as the parrots kha, kaka and owl parrot,
kakapo. The kakapo and the national bird takahe were
considered extinct around the early 1900s, but were
rediscovered in 1958 and 1948, respectively. None of them
The most distinctive bird order is the kiwi, with three
species lacking visible wings. The large moose birds, which
numbered more than 20 species, were also wingless. The
latter died out in the 18th century. A hawk, a falcon and
two owls make up the entire bird of prey. 20 indigenous or
endemic sparrow species include, among other
things, the fully native families of climber and
tablecloths, as well as species associated with Australia's
fauna such as honeycomb and fan tail.
Land birds introduced by Europeans in the 19th century,
essentially from Europe and Australia, dominate much of New
Zealand. The most common are duck birds such as black swans
and canes, parrots, song clerks, comforters, sparrows,
finches and cataracts.
Pheasant, deer, trout and salmon were introduced for the
sport. The settlers brought with them various species of
animals from their homeland, both pets, pets and hunting
game. Many were successful and predator species were
introduced to control these. A total of 53 mammal species
were introduced, of which about 30 occur in free-living
condition. The introduction of animals to New Zealand is a
good example of the adverse effects that may arise from the
uncontrolled introduction of alien species into an area.
There are no snakes, but a few lizards like geckos and
hams. Of the ambifier are three tail frogs in the genus
Leiopelma, with their closest relative in North
America. One of the strangest animals is the broogle or
tuatara, the only living representative of the ancient
reptile order of Rhynchocephalia. New Zealand fur
and New Zealand sea lion breed along the coast in the south
and on sub-Antarctic islands. In the sea there is plenty of
fish, oysters and so on.Sharks are common in the north.
Plant life in New Zealand
The plant life in New Zealand is very peculiar. There are
approx. 1000 wild-growing seedlings, of which 700 are native
(endemic). Most of the 300 found elsewhere in the world
belong to Australia or Polynesia. The vegetation at the far
north is subtropical, further south is temperate forest.
Ferns and tree ferns are common everywhere. The forests are
heavily carved, but there are still large forests of
kaurifuru on the north island, and of southern beech in the
cool regions of the southwest on south island.