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New Zealand

Yearbook 2002

2002 New ZealandNew Zealand. The alliance, which was part of a government coalition along with Labor, split during the spring. The reason was disagreements over the government's 2001 decision to offer the United States support in its war on terrorism. According to Countryaah website, a minority objected to allowing the country's armed forces to participate in US-led operations. Deputy Prime Minister Jim Anderton formed a new party, the Progressive Coalition (Progressive Coalition, PC).

In June, Prime Minister Helen Clark apologized to the people of the Samoa Islands for the brutal treatment they suffered during the colonial era. She intended, among other things, the authorities' decision in 1918 to let people ashore from a ship despite knowing that they were suffering from Spanish illness. More than a fifth of the island population died in the epidemic that followed. In 1929, at least nine pacifist protesters were shot to death by New Zealand police.

2002 New Zealand

The July 27 parliamentary election was a clear success for Labor, but the party failed to reach its own majority in Parliament despite opinion polls. Labor received 52 of the 120 seats, an increase of three. The largest opposition party, the Nationalist Party, received only 27 seats, losing almost a third of its seats.

Neither did PC make a good choice and only got two seats. Instead, several small parties went ahead; the right-wing populist New Zealand first, which received 13 seats, the Green Party, which got eight and the bourgeois United Future Party (UFZN), which increased from one to nine seats.

In August, Labor formed a new government together with PC, but also promised support from UFZN.

Wildlife in New Zealand

There are no native mammals in New Zealand, except for two species of bats, which have their closest relatives in Australia and South Africa.

More than 330 bird species have been observed. There are many seabird species, and initially few species of landbirds. Civilization caused a sharp decline for some peculiar species such as the parrots kha, kaka and owl parrot, kakapo. The kakapo and the national bird takahe were considered extinct around the early 1900s, but were rediscovered in 1958 and 1948, respectively. None of them can fly.

The most distinctive bird order is the kiwi, with three species lacking visible wings. The large moose birds, which numbered more than 20 species, were also wingless. The latter died out in the 18th century. A hawk, a falcon and two owls make up the entire bird of prey. 20 indigenous or endemic sparrow species include, among other things, the fully native families of climber and tablecloths, as well as species associated with Australia's fauna such as honeycomb and fan tail.

Land birds introduced by Europeans in the 19th century, essentially from Europe and Australia, dominate much of New Zealand. The most common are duck birds such as black swans and canes, parrots, song clerks, comforters, sparrows, finches and cataracts.

Pheasant, deer, trout and salmon were introduced for the sport. The settlers brought with them various species of animals from their homeland, both pets, pets and hunting game. Many were successful and predator species were introduced to control these. A total of 53 mammal species were introduced, of which about 30 occur in free-living condition. The introduction of animals to New Zealand is a good example of the adverse effects that may arise from the uncontrolled introduction of alien species into an area.

There are no snakes, but a few lizards like geckos and hams. Of the ambifier are three tail frogs in the genus Leiopelma, with their closest relative in North America. One of the strangest animals is the broogle or tuatara, the only living representative of the ancient reptile order of Rhynchocephalia. New Zealand fur and New Zealand sea lion breed along the coast in the south and on sub-Antarctic islands. In the sea there is plenty of fish, oysters and so on.Sharks are common in the north.

Plant life in New Zealand

The plant life in New Zealand is very peculiar. There are approx. 1000 wild-growing seedlings, of which 700 are native (endemic). Most of the 300 found elsewhere in the world belong to Australia or Polynesia. The vegetation at the far north is subtropical, further south is temperate forest. Ferns and tree ferns are common everywhere. The forests are heavily carved, but there are still large forests of kaurifuru on the north island, and of southern beech in the cool regions of the southwest on south island.

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