Nicaragua. The year was dominated by the power struggle
between newly elected President Enrique Bolaños and
President, former President Arnoldo Alemán, who belong to
the same party. In September, Bolaños had managed to gather
support from a majority of the members of the National
Assembly for a decision to waive Alemán's parliamentary
immunity. According to
Countryaah website, Alemán is accused of corruption and embezzlement
of $ 100 million during his time as president.
Earlier in the month, ten relatives and close relatives
of Alemán had, among other things. Former Finance Minister
Esteban Duquestrada, was convicted of financial
irregularities involving a total of $ 10 million.
Another circumscribed case concerned the Sandinist leader
and Nicaragua president during the 1980s, Daniel Ortega, who
was charged with rape on his stepdaughter Zoilamérica
Narváez. He was released by a court Jan. 19 for lack of
The Miskito Indians on the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua,
which in 1987 were granted self-government in two regions by
the then Sandini government, stepped up their political
fight against President Bolaños during the year. They
objected to his intention to allow foreign oil exploration
in the area.
Nicaragua - Managua
Manaʹgua, capital of Nicaragua; 1 million residents (2018). Managua, located
on the southeastern shore of Lake Managua, lacks the true center and is spread
over a large area. The city is the commercial, political, cultural and religious
center of Nicaragua.
Important industrial sectors are the textile, cement and tobacco industries,
as well as oil refinery, chemical industry and crafts. The city has a
university, a national museum and a congress hall, which bears the name of Olof
Palme. Managua has a road and rail connection with the port city of Corinto,
with Granada and Leon as well as an international airport.
Managua was originally a Native American village, which in 1857 was appointed
capital to settle the rivalry between Leon and Granada. The city was rebuilt
after a devastating earthquake in 1931 but was hit again in December 1972 by an
earthquake disaster with more than 10,000 dead and extensive destruction.
Managua was a 1978-79 war scene during the civil war between the Sandinists and
the Somozar regime.