North Korea. According to
Countryaah website, the country's relations with the US
deteriorated significantly when US President George W. Bush
at the beginning of the year stamped the country as the
"axis of evil" in the world due to the North Korean hold of
long-range robots and suspicions of a North Korean nuclear
weapons program. Bush's statement aroused strong reactions
in North Korea.
Later in the fall, however, North Korea acknowledged that there
was a secret nuclear weapons development program, which was
contrary to a 1994 agreement. North Korea said he wanted to negotiate
the case if the United States agreed to a non-assault pact,
which guaranteed the country's sovereignty and economic
development. But the US responded by stopping all aid to the
North Koreans, including oil supplies.
In the summer, a fierce battle broke out between South
and North Korean naval vessels near the Yellow Sea border.
One South Korean vessel was sunk, and six South Koreans and
an unknown number of North Koreans were killed. The incident
was described as the worst military confrontation in several
years between the two arch enemies.
Despite the sea battle, a cautious approach continued
between South Korea and North Korea during the year. a joint mine
clearance program was launched at the demilitarized zone
that separates the countries. Subsequently, work began on
building a highway and a railroad between the countries.
A breakthrough in the bitter relationship between Japan
and North Korea was made in September during a visit by Japan's Prime
Minister Junichiro Koizumi in Pyongyang. The country's
leader Kim Jong Il then acknowledged that between 1977 and
1983, North Korea kidnapped Japanese citizens to force them to spy on
their homeland. Japan had long claimed that was the case and
Kim publicly apologized to the Japanese for the kidnappings.
The Japanese who were still alive were allowed to visit
their former homeland and then chose to stay there, but
their future destiny was unclear as their children remained
in North Korea.
Domestic politics gave conflicting information about
where power was low. At the beginning of the year came
reports that the military had taken over more
reform-oriented forces and that this was a consequence of
the US's toughening political line.
No signs of political liberalization could be discerned,
but North Korea took a first step toward economic reform. In August,
Kim announced that the planning economy would be abandoned.
The food shortage in North Korea was reported to continue to be large
and the UN warned that food aid from the outside world was
2017 The United States and North Korea mutually threaten
each other with annihilation
North Korea-US relations deteriorated drastically
following Donald Trump's takeover of the US presidential
office in January 2017. In July, North Korea tested its
first intercontinental rocket, Hwasong-14, at two test
shootings. The rocket flew both times below 1000km and
crashed into the Japanese sea, but would reach Alaska and
probably also the mainland United States. However, North
Korea has not yet mastered the "miniaturization" technique
of its nuclear weapons, so the rocket could carry them all
the way to the United States.
In February 2017, China suspended its imports from North
Korea in accordance with sanctions adopted by the UN
Security Council. The decision sparked a rare and harsh
criticism of China from North Korea a few weeks later.
In February, Kim Jong-un's big brother Kim Jong-nam was
murdered at Kuala Lumpur airport in Malaysia. The Western
press speculated that the assassination had been carried out
by North Korea in an attempt to prevent the United States
from putting Kim Jong-nam in a position to take power in the
north following a coup in the country.
In April, the United States deployed a THAAD anti-missile
system in South Korea. The system was met with sharp
criticism from not only China, Russia and North Korea, but
also many parts of the South Korean community who saw that
with the US armament, the war was drawing closer.
In an attempt to divert attention from the domestic
political crisis in the United States, Trump in April
brought out the military instruments. He bombed Syria and
Afghanistan, declaring that he had sent a naval combat group
against North Korea with the aircraft carrier Carl Vinson at
the head. North Korea again responded with threats of
"lowering" the aircraft carrier.
Following North Korea's rocket launches in July, Trump
threatened North Korea with annihilation in August. North
Korea responded again by threatening to bomb US military
bases in Guam. The reality was that while the United States
had huge nuclear and military arsenals, North Korea's
capabilities were at the experimental stage. During the
second rocket launch in July, the missile was blown to
pieces as it reached Earth's atmosphere. North Korea did not
master this technique, nor did the installation of nuclear
weapons in the missile.
In September 2017, US Donald Trump threatened from the
pulpit of the UN General Assembly North Korea with total
nuclear annihilation. The only country that subsequently
clapped Trump's speech was Israel. Several other countries -
including Sweden - found that the speech was a serious
violation of the UN's rules of procedure. The UN is the
organization of peace and it was unheard of to threaten
another country with annihilation during an official speech
to the General Assembly. Subsequently, Trump threatened
China and other countries that continued to trade with North
Korea. The threats put China in a difficult situation. On
the one hand, under no circumstances would China accept
North American takeover of North Korea that would directly
confront the two superpowers. On the other hand, the US
threatened trade sanctions against China, if the country did
not "bring North Korea under control". In October, it was
revealed that there were indirect negotiations between the
US Secretary of State and North Korea. However, the
Secretary of State's mandate was uncertain as Trump
immediately disowned his Secretary of State and threatened
Despite the total military dominance of the United States
and the ability to indisputably obliterate North Korea, the
consequences would be unclear. Not only would nuclear war
involve massive radioactive pollution of South Korea in
particular, but also China and Japan. And in any case, North
Korea could cause enormous damage to South Korea's capital
Seoul just a few kilometers from the north. In a rational
world, therefore, war was not appropriate, but neither Trump
nor Kim Jong-Un were rational, but in many parts of the
world were considered the world's most dangerous men.
Both Russia and China in September attempted to de-scale
the tense situation by proposing that North Korea cease its
nuclear efforts and South Korea and the United States should
suspend their military maneuvers near the border with the
north. The military maneuvers continued. In October, the US,
South Korea and Japan launched a large-scale naval exercise
in the Chinese and Japanese Oceans. The exercise included
over 40 warships, including 3 nuclear-armed submarines and a
nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. The exercise further
escalated tensions in the region and was met with fierce
protests from North Korea. Russian Defense Minister Sergei
Shoigu also condemned the exercise. He condemned both the
North Korean missile tests and the North American military
drills, which were the entire backdrop of the North Korean
missile and nuclear program.
In November 2017, the United States placed North Korea
again on the list of "states sponsoring terrorism" after
being off the list for 9 years. The list includes the
countries where the United States is openly working to
remove those in power.