Papua New Guinea. As the year began, tribal battles
continued in the southern Highlands province. Up to February
more than 120 people were killed and several hundred were
injured. Villages were burned down and the area was haunted
by a crime wave. According to
Countryaah website, Prime Minister Mekere Morauta promised
increased resources to fight the growing crime, which
plagued other parts of the country as well.
For the second time in a year, mutiny broke out in the
army, when a group of soldiers in March took control of a
place in the Sepik area and, among other things. demanded
the resignation of the government. The crisis was resolved
after a couple of weeks and the mythists were arrested.
In June, the parliamentary elections, which were
scheduled to last for two weeks, were extended but extended
for almost a month. The elections were surrounded by
violence in several provinces and at least 25 people were
killed. Some of the victims were candidates in the election.
The incumbent government lost power in the elections. The
ruling party People's Democratic Movement (PDM) had to
settle for 13 seats, while opposition leader Michael Somares
National Alliance became the largest party in parliament
with 19 out of 109 seats. No less than 15 lots were
selected. With the support of a loose sea party coalition
and independent members, Somare was able to form a
government. Thus, the 66-year-old country father returned as
prime minister for the third time.
Somare decided to halt planned sales of state-owned
companies, such as airlines, banks and telecom companies.
The privatizations had been demanded by the World Bank and
the IMF but condemned in a series of popular protests.
A provincial governor who claimed that the country's
value-added tax violated the Constitution, was granted by
the Supreme Court in September. The result shook the
government, which risked repayment of several years' tax
revenue, while struggling with a large budget deficit after
Morauta's time in power. The crisis was resolved when the
government agreed with the governor on a new tax form, which
gave the province more dividends. The Supreme Court thus
changed its ruling.
Papua New Guinea - Port Moresby
Port Moresby, capital of Papua New Guinea; 317,400 residents (2012). Port
Moresby is located on Papua Bay in southeastern New Guinea and is the country's
center for trade and industry. There are food industries, breweries, repair
yards, rolling mills and manufacturing of machinery and building materials. Port
Moresby has a university and an international airport.
Port Moresby became the headquarters of the British New Guinea colony in 1885
and the capital of Papua New Guinea in 1975.