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Yearbook 2002

Portugal. In January, the verdict was dropped in a very prominent case against a nurse who performed illegal abortions at a health center in Oporto. The woman was sentenced to 8.5 years in prison. The case triggered several demonstrations in Portugal, where abortion is extremely rare.

2002 Portugal

The March 17 parliamentary elections resulted in a change of power. The Liberal Conservative Socialist Party (PSD) defeated the incumbent government of the Socialist Party (PS). However, no party got its own majority in the 230-seat parliament. A few days later, PSD leader José Manuel Durão Barroso was appointed new prime minister. Together with the right-wing People's Party (PP), the PSD formed a coalition government.

According to Countryaah website, the country's poor economy was considered to have been decisive for the exit. In the election campaign, PSD promised lower taxes for the companies, more privatizations, among other things. in health care, and reduced costs in the public sector. The new government was also expected to introduce stricter immigration rules and a higher standard of living for the Portuguese.

The country's new finance minister, Manuela Ferreira Leite, immediately began to put together an economic crisis package to reduce the deficit in the state budget. The deficit threatened to exceed 3% of GDP, thereby breaking the EU Stability Pact, which stipulates the rules of the single European currency, the euro.

During the year, the country received increasingly harsh criticism from the European Commission and in July Leite announced that the 2001 budget had shown a deficit of 4.1%. In the autumn, P. received a reprimand from the EU, which called for a tightening of the budget deficit before the end of the year. A sanction process was initiated and fines of up to 0.5% of the country's GDP threatened the country.

In response to the government's economic austerity policy, hundreds of thousands of civil servants resigned in November in the first general strike of ten years in the country. However, Prime Minister Barroso said the government's policy is firm.

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