Tajikistan 2002

Yearbook 2002

Tajikistan. During the year, Tajikistan became the last former Soviet Republic to join NATO’s Partnership for Peace program. From NATO, Tajikistan received praise for its prominent role in the US-led fight against terrorism, along the Afghan border.

According to Countryaah website, national day of Tajikistan is every September 9. President Imomali Rachmonov, however, seemed to be using the anti-terror campaign in the region to fight against the Islamist opposition in Tajikistan. Members of the Islamic Renewal Party were accused of extremism, and Rachmonov claimed that there were ties between the party and the Tajikistans arrested in Afghanistan and held captive by the United States. As a result, over 30 mosques were closed in the Isfara district in the north and many imams were moved accused of political activity. The police and security services also made a blow during the year against the banned Islamist movement Hizb ut-Tahir. Several members were sentenced to severe prison sentences.

Tajikistan Border Countries Map

At the same time, the regime seemed willing to approach its political rivals in the Chudzhand province in northwestern Tajikistan. Abdulaziz Chamidov, former governor of the province, was sentenced in June to 15 years in prison. The charges were broad: plans for coups, assassination attempts on the president, creation of illegal militia groups, corruption. Several alleged accomplices were also sentenced. Chamidov is related to Rachmonov’s political main enemy, former Prime Minister Abdumalik Abdulladzhanov, who also hails from the Chudzhand province.

Several journalists who reported on the military’s harsh recruitment methods were forcibly recruited at the end of the year as punishments.

November

Small changes in the government

November 4

President Rakhon presents his new government. The most important ministers will remain in it, including Prime Minister Rasulzoda.

October

President Rahmon is re-elected

11 October

When the presidential election is held, 91 percent of voters vote for President Rahmon, according to the election authority. Thus, he can remain in the presidency for another seven-year term. Turnout is just over 85 percent, according to the election authority.

September

President Rahmon is running for re-election

September 3

The ruling People’s Democratic Party nominates President Rahmon as its candidate in the October presidential election. There has been much speculation that Rahmon, who has been in power for almost 30 years, would hand over the helm to his eldest son Rustam Emomali, mayor of Dushanbe. Now it seems that Rahmon intends to stay for a while longer. The term of office of the President is seven years. Another four parties have nominated presidential candidates, but none of them are expected to challenge Rahmon.