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Yearbook 2002

2002 VietnamVietnam. According to Countryaah website, the Communist Party continued to hold a firm grip on Vietnamese politics, which became clear when new members of the country's highest political body, Parliament Quc hi, were elected on May 19. No opposition parties were allowed to stand in the elections, and the Communists won all of the 498 seats except 51 who went to independent candidates approved by the party.

Two months later, incumbent President Trn Đu迂c Lu迂o迂ng was re-elected by Parliament for another five-year term. Prime Minister Phan Văn Kai also had to keep his post. When the government was later presented, the most attention was paid to the resignation of Security Minister Le Minh Hu迂o迂ng as a result of a corruption scandal surrounding a mafia boss.

2002 Vietnam

The country's economy was affected by the general economic downturn in the world and growth slowed slightly during the year. However, since the beginning of the 1990s, Vietnam's economic growth has been around 7-8% per year with the exception of 1997 and 1998, when the Asian financial crisis hit the entire region.

An agreement was concluded during the year between the parties to the conflict over the oil-rich Spratly Islands. The agreement meant that the parties would not perform any action that could aggravate the situation. In May, Russia formally returned its fleet base in the Gulf of Cam Rhan to Vietnam. The base was used by the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the largest military base outside the Warsaw Pact.

During the year, Vietnam received criticism from human rights groups for dealing with a group of members of a Christian minority people in the mountains along the border with Cambodia. The group had moved to Cambodia from Vietnam, where they considered themselves persecuted and discriminated against for ethnic and religious reasons. Since the UN agency UNHCR gave up its attempts to return the refugees to Vietnam, the dispute was resolved by giving the refugees asylum in the US.

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