Zambia. According to Countryaah website, national day of Zambia is every October 24. Three out of ten losing candidates protested at the Supreme Court in January against the outcome of the December 200 presidential elections.
The newly elected President Levy Mwanawasa declared that he would obviously resign if HD found him to be declared a winner on the wrong grounds. Until then, he wished to purge himself of the suspicions of being only a puppet of former President Frederick Chiluba. A number of ministers and senior officials appointed by Chiluba were dismissed or forced to resign following corruption charges. Chiluba was deprived of a number of material benefits and, after a few months of power measurement, left the post of chairman of the ruling party MMD (Movement for Multiparty Democracy) to Mwanawasa.
Zambia had significant financial problems. The budget deficit for 2001 turned out to have risen due to large expenses for the election campaign and unforeseen salary increases for public employees. The crisis was exacerbated by the Anglo-American mining company’s decision to discontinue operations at the large new copper field Konkola, which threatened 11,000 jobs.
The economic crisis was also exacerbated by the severe drought affecting Zambia and other southern African countries. About 2.5 million Zambians were threatened by starvation. The government received strong criticism from both the opposition and abroad for its refusal to accept US donations of genetically modified maize. The government feared that the “poisoned” crop would come into its own production and thus jeopardize grain exports to the EU.
After an absence, Kaunda took over again in 1995 as party leader of UNIP, but a law from 1996 prevented him from running for president. At the same time, prominent UNIP members were arrested, accused of leading an armed resistance group, and several were indicted for treason. These events led to several Western aid providers expressing concern over the development of democracy in Zambia, and Norway, among others, decided to withhold new aid. A coup attempt in 1997 was turned down. In 1997, Kaunda was wounded in an attempted assault, after which he was arrested for a period, accused of being behind the coup attempt. In 1999, Kaunda was deprived of his citizenship, and was subjected to a new attack attempt. Chiluba gained strong power, also within the party, with growing opposition from excluded members of the MMD in the Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD). MMD presidential candidate Levy Mwanawasa won the election in 2001, while MMD lost the majority in the National Assembly. The president launched a campaign against corruption, which also led to Chiluba being accused and arrested in 2003. At the 2006 parliamentary and presidential elections, MDM got 72 representatives, against 46 to the largest opposition party, the Patriotic Front (PF), started in 2001 by Michael Sata., a breaker from MDM. In the presidential election, Mwanawasa from MMD was re-elected with 43 percent of the vote, against Sata’s 29.4 percent. Sata was supported by former MDM leader and President Chiluba. In 2007, Chilaba and four advisers were convicted by the British Supreme Court for conspiracy to rob the Zambian state. Two years later, he was acquitted of the corruption charges in the Zambian judiciary.
Parallel to the introduction of free party formation in 1990, self-government demands were raised from the old Barotse Kingdom. Members of the Lozi people have, through the Barotse Patriotic Front, threatened to break out of Zambia and form their own state, more or less identical to the old Barot country. Ethnicity has become an element of Zambian politics to a greater extent than ever since independence.