The official name is the United States of America. It is in third place in the world in terms of territory and fourth in terms of population. The United States was founded in 1776 by uniting 13 British colonies that declared independence from Britain. The United States has the world’s largest economy, the most powerful navy and large army, is a founding member of NATO and has a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. The US economy is characterized by a large amount of natural resources, high technology, well-developed industry and science, and the service sector. The political system – a federal republic, now consisting of 50 states and the Federal District of Columbia, is defined in the Constitution by the principle of separation of powers: legislative, executive and judicial.
According to Calculatorinc, the main territory of the United States of America is located on the North American continent and borders in the north with Canada, in the south with Mexico, the east coast is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the west coast by the Pacific Ocean. In the far north is the state of Alaska, the territory of the United States is a number of islands in the Caribbean Sea (Puerto Rico) and in the Pacific Ocean (Hawaii, Midway, American Samoa, Guam, etc.) A number of other islands with different status are also under the influence of the United States . All climatic zones are represented on the territory of the USA, from arctic to tropical. Almost the entire west of the starna is occupied by the Cordillera mountain range, covered with dense forests of coniferous trees. One of the longest rivers on the planet, the Mississippi has a length of 6.420 km and flows into the Pacific Ocean. Northern border of the main territory adjacent to Canada,
The area of the country is 9.518.900 km².
The US population is about 313,232,000 people.
The official currency is the American dollar (USD).
The state language is not defined by the Constitution. Formally (but not legally) it is English.
Visa is obtained at the US Consulate
On the territory of the United States, all climatic zones are represented, from the arctic in Alaska to the tropical (Hawaii). The Pacific coast is characterized by a temperate and subtropical climate. The Atlantic coast is continental-marine, the Cordillera highlands and the inner plateau are continental. The average temperature in July is +13… +22°C, on the western coast +16…+26°C, in the east and south of the internal plateaus and plateaus – up to +32°C. The average January temperature ranges from -24.5°С in Alaska and -18°С in the north of the Central Plains, to +12°С in the southeastern United States and up to +20°С in Florida.
Sightseeings of USA
List of 10 attractions that tourists choose: Times Square in New York, Las Vegas Boulevard, National Mall and Memorial Parks in Washington (DC), Faneuil Hall Marketplace in Boston, Disney World’s Magic Kingdom in Florida, Disneyland Park in California (Anaheim), Fisherman’s Wharf/Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco, Niagara Falls on the border with Canada (New York State), Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee and Navy Pier in Chicago. Also of note is the Iolani Palace in Hawaii (the only royal palace in the US) and the oldest ski resort in Snowbasin.
Despite the stereotype of fast food as the main cuisine of the United States, the country can be safely ranked among the culinary capitals of the world. The cuisine, like the state itself, is international: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Indian, Mexican, Italian, Moroccan, Russian, etc. Nevertheless, pork ribs, pumpkin soup, steaks, stuffed turkey, burgers, meat roll, baked potatoes. Well, fast food in the face of McDonald’s, Burger King, KFC, etc. For breakfast – chips with milk, muesli, scrambled eggs with bacon. From drinks – tea (usually cold with lemon and ice), coffee (Americano, a little like European coffee), juices, specific local beer, good Californian wines, whiskey and bourbon, as well as rum. It should be noted,
The main modes of transport are road, air and rail. Outside the cities, public transport is poorly developed, the emphasis is on personal vehicles. In large cities there are subways, cities are served by regular buses. Tram and bus services remained only in some US cities (Boston, San Francisco, Philadelphia, Denver, Minneapolis). To rent a car, you must have a driver’s license and be over 21 years old. It is worth considering that car insurance may be more expensive than the rental price.
In the course of US dollars, bank cards, traveler’s checks, which can be exchanged for cash at bank branches. Banks are open from 9:00 to 15:00 from Monday to Friday, the exchange rate and commission do not always please tourists, so it is better to pay with bank cards.
120V/60Hz, plug types A (two vertical flat pins) and B (different from A by the presence of a round ground pin).
51.3% of the US population are Protestants, 23.9% are Catholics, 12.1% do not belong to any denomination, 1.7% are Mormons, 1.6% are members of another Christian denomination, 1.7% are Jewish, 0.7% Buddhist, 0.6% Muslim, 2.5% other or unspecified, 4% atheist (2007 CIA World Factbook).
Tourists should pay attention to the possibility of petty theft on the streets. Valuables are best kept in hotel safes. When choosing a hotel, you should pay attention to the organization of security in it (the presence of security, perimeter alarms, video surveillance). In closed public places, in case of incidents, you must contact the security of the institution. You can use the phone and call the rescue service by dialing 911. At the airport, upon arrival in the country, you may be asked about belonging to terrorist groups, it is highly recommended not to answer such questions with jokes. The same baggage may be searched for drugs, weapons, pornographic materials, ejectable knives, explosive materials, lottery tickets, pirated video, audio and computer products.
Carefully read the terms of insurance, if necessary, purchase additional insurance. The level of healthcare organization is very high and not cheap, so insurance will be quite justified.