According to computerannals, Argentina is the second largest country in South America and, due to its large size, offers visitors a varied landscape and diverse culture.
The Argentine capital Buenos Aires, with 12 million residents also one of the largest cities on the continent, is known for its diverse cultural offerings. It is not only the place of origin of the famous Argentine tango but also the cultural capital of the country with many well-known theaters and museums.
Things are quieter in the vast rural provinces of Argentina. In the north of the country there is an extensive dry savannah, the Gran Chaco. This region is only sparsely populated and offers absolute peace and solitude.
In the east of the country, in the province of Misiones, Argentina borders Paraguay and Brazil. The famous waterfalls of Iguazú, which are counted among the most beautiful in the world, are located on the border triangle.
The entire western border of Argentina stretches along the impressive Andes Mountains. Not only are the highest volcanoes in the world located here, but also numerous ski areas.
Until the country became independent in 1816, Argentina was part of the Spanish colonial empire. This cultural influence can still be clearly felt today. Because not only the cityscapes and buildings are shaped by the Spanish architectural style, the language and the Spanish way of life were also largely adopted. Today Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world and, along with Brazil, is one of the most influential countries in South America.
Due to the extreme size, there are several vegetation and climate zones in Argentina. The country got its name from a derivative of the Latin word argentum. This means “silver” in German. It is believed that the conquerors of the time hoped for large silver discoveries in this region.
The landscape of the state is shaped by agriculture, it is also the main source of income of Argentina. But the industry is also pronounced in Argentina, with the EU and UNO the country is run as an industrial state.
Buenos Aires (Argentina)
If you want to get to know an interesting city, you are in the right place in Buenos Aires. There’s a lot to discover here.
So you shouldn’t miss the Plaza de Mayo. The square has been the center of Buenos Aires since the city was founded for the second time in 1580. There are other sights on it, such as the Presidential Palace, the building of the former city council, where you can now visit a historical museum.
The National Bank and the Cathedral are also located at the Palaza de Mayo.
Another interesting place in Buenos Aires is the Palaza de la Republica. Here is a sixty-seven meter high obelisk, which is the symbol of the city and is supposed to commemorate the four hundred year old existence of Buenos Aires.
The city’s slave market used to take place at the Palaza San Martin. After that it was a bullring. It was not until much later that a monument was erected in honor of the liberator San Martin. Sure, tourists like to come here. At the north end an eternal fire burns in memory of the victims in the Falklands War against England.
Buenos Aires has many interesting districts to offer, such as San Telmo, La Boca, Avenida de Mayo, etc.
The Palacio del Concreso is definitely worth a visit. The Washington Capitol was of great importance for the design of the building. The Palacio del Concreso was built in the nineteenth century. The special feature of the building is the white dome that rises eighty meters into the sky.
Today the city government is located in the Palacio Municipal. The building itself was erected in 1902. It has a particularly splendid facade.
The colossal palace of justice “Tribunale” is located in Buenos Aires at Plaza Lavalle. The building dates from 1910.
The Casa Rosada is probably particularly impressive. The Presidential Palace is a pink building that did not get its present-day appearance until the nineteenth century. The palace is now home to the Museo de la casa Rosada, from which you can visit the catacombs of the former fortress from the eighteenth century.
Other interesting palaces in Buenos Aires are the Palacio Barolo and the Palacio de las Aquas Corrientes.
There are also some parks in the city, such as the Jardin Botanico, Jardin Japones or the Reserva Ecologica costanera sur.
There are also some museums in Buenos Aires. The choice is definitely huge. A visit to the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales is certainly worthwhile. The museum, which was built in 1812, has an impressive collection of flora and fauna of the country, as well as geology, mineralogy and paleontology. A visit to the gigantic dinosaur skeletons and prehistoric fossils is likely to be particularly exciting.
Other museums include the Museo de Arte Hispano-Americano Isaac Fernandes Bianco and a few others.
Buenos Aires is mainly home to wonderful theaters, such as the Teatro Avenida, the Teatro Colon and the Teatro Cervantes.
The city also has some old sacred buildings to offer. The Cathedral Metropolitana is definitely worth seeing. It dates from 1791. Jose de San Martin, a hero from the war of liberation, is also buried here.
The Iglesia San Ignacio de Loyola was inaugurated in 1722. Not only is it one of the oldest churches in the city, but also one of the oldest preserved buildings in Buenos Aires.
Other sacred buildings worth seeing are the Iglesia de Santo Domingo and Mezquita de Palermo.