South America

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Under these guidelines, the Tinajones project developed into one of the largest irrigation projects in the world with an area of ​​80,000 hectares. To the north of the traditional irrigation area, a large area of ​​the New Valley was opened up for agriculture. It is supplied from the Tinajones reservoir via the Taymi Canal.

The Tinajones reservoir currently holds 350 million cubic meters of water. Every year around 100 million cubic meters of water are transferred from the Andes. A few kilometers south of the Gallito reservoir was opened in 1988 with a similarly large storage volume. From there, the cultivation area around Chepén is supplied with irrigation water. Other, albeit significantly smaller, reservoirs are under construction or planned. In addition, the Tinajones reservoir is to be expanded.

The main goal is on the one hand to secure the food supply in Peru through the cultivation of rice, maize and pulses and to spare the state spending on food imports. On the other hand, Peru opens up sources of income for foreign currency through the export of asparagus and sugar cane. Irrigated agriculture secures jobs and a basic income for the population.

With regard to farm structures, small and medium-sized farms dominate with farm sizes of up to 20 hectares, which manage a good 60 percent of the irrigation area. The larger farms use their financial resources to optimize their economic returns through mechanization.

For more information about the continent of South America, please check constructmaterials.com.