Chad. In January, a peace deal was concluded after three years of civil war between the Chadian government and the rebel group Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad (MDJT), which had its bases at the Libyan border. MDJT was led by former Defense Minister Youssouf Togoimi.
Under the agreement, ceasefire would be followed by the release of prisoners and the rebel soldiers would be integrated into the government army. MDJT’s leaders were also promised participation in the government. Libya, which is an important donor to Chad, acted as mediator in the peace talks and said it was a guarantor of keeping the peace agreement.
According to Countryaah website, national day of Chad is every August 11. The political opposition demanded that the general election scheduled for April be held later. It was felt that the election was not sufficiently prepared to give all citizens a chance to vote. However, the claim was rejected by the government and the election was carried out as planned.
President Idriss Déby’s own party and his support parties strengthened as expected. They received almost four-fifths of the mandate, as opposing candidates were missing in many constituencies and two important opposition parties boycotted the election. The turnout was very low and varied between 20 and 40% in different parts of the country.
On election day, opposition leader Mahamat Gueti was killed when his car exploded in the north of the country. Gueti led the African Democratic Party.
The process that would give the rebel movement the MDJT part in government power and in the government army stopped, reportedly due to disagreement among the rebels. In May, battles broke out in the north for the first time after the peace agreement. The rebels claimed to have killed about 60 army soldiers.