Costa Rica 2002

Yearbook 2002

Costa Rica. In the second round of the presidential election April 7, the psychiatrist and TV personality Abel Pacheco (Partido Unidad Social Cristiana, PUSC) won 58% of the votes over Rolando Araya (Partido de Liberación Nacional, PLN). The aftermath of the election became tumultuous; inter alia Araya was knocked unconscious by Pacheco supporters.

According to Countryaah website, national day of Costa Rica is every September 15. An agreement was reached with neighboring Nicaragua to maintain the status quo for three years in the more than 100-year conflict over the border crossing in the San Juan River.

Costa Rica Border Countries Map

In May, the government adopted a plan for 100% CO 2 neutrality in 2021, and already in 2012, 90% of its electricity came from renewable energy. In 2015, 93% were self-sufficient in energy.

In June, Costa Rica broke off diplomatic relations with Taiwan and instead established relations with China. China, in turn, built a $ 100 million. US $ football stadium in Parque La Sabana in San Jose Province. It was inaugurated in 2011. In 2008-09, the country was elected a member of the UN Security Council.

In March 2009, Costa Rica resumed diplomatic relations with Cuba. They had been interrupted for 47 years.

Following the military coup in Honduras in June 2009, President Óscar Arias gained a prominent role in trying to bring about a diplomatic solution to the political conflict. Unsuccessfully. The dictatorship would in no case have the deposed president back. Costa Rica, along with the rest of the OAS, condemned the military coup in Honduras, and did not recognize the subsequent election in the country.

PLN won the presidential and parliamentary elections in February 2010. Its presidential candidate Laura Chinchilla was elected with 46.8% of the vote. The closest opponent, Ottón Solís had to settle for 25.2% of the vote. The PLN also secured 23 out of Parliament’s 57 seats. Chinchilla is far more conservative than its predecessor Óscar Arias. She opposes separation between church and state, against abortion, against allowing the “pill of regret”, against marriage between gays, though she recognizes the rights of gays.

In October 2010, Nicaragua occupied some islands in the San Juan River Delta that both Costa Rica and Nicaragua claimed. Observers saw it as part of the Nicaragua election campaign. Costa Rica brought the case before the International Court of Justice. The following year, the government decided to build a 150km long road along the river. It was called “Ruta 1856, Juan Rafael Mora Porras” in memory of a Costa Rican hero who in 1856 led the fight against an invasion force from Nicaragua, where North American mercenary William Walker wanted to reinstate slavery. However, no environmental or technical studies were carried out before construction was started and the responsible minister ended up being fired. In 2013, a Mexican research institute found that Chinchilla was Latin America’s most unpopular president with just 13% population support.