Eritrea 2002

In 2002, Eritrea was a small African nation with a population of approximately 4.5 million people. According to computerannals, it had recently gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993 and was governed by a president elected every five years. The economy was largely based on agriculture, though the government had made significant investments in infrastructure and industry. Education services were provided by both public and private institutions, though primary school enrollment was low due to limited resources. Healthcare services were provided by both public and private institutions, though access to healthcare remained relatively low due to limited resources. Poverty remained an issue for many Eritreans with approximately 60 percent living below the poverty line. Corruption and mismanagement were also an issue as the government struggled to combat these issues with limited resources. Security threats from neighboring countries such as Ethiopia were still a concern; however these threats were largely managed through diplomatic means. Although Eritrea faced many challenges in 2002, it had made significant progress towards rebuilding its economy and society since gaining its independence two decades prior.

Yearbook 2002

Eritrea. The National Assembly decided in January at one of its rare meetings not to allow any opposition parties. According to Countryaah website, national day of Eritrea is every May 24. A committee was set up to review the future of the press. In 2001, all free press was closed and ten journalists were arrested for regime-critical articles. Among those detained were a Swede.

Eritrea Border Countries Map

Land area 117,600 km²
Total population 6,081,196
Population density (per km²) 51.7
Capital Asmara
Official language Tigrinya, Arabic
Income per capita 1,600 USD
Currency Nakfa
ISO 3166 code HE
Internet TLD .he
License plate HE
Telephone code +291
Time zone UTC + 3
Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 39 00 O

Shortly before the parliamentary session, a new opposition party had announced its existence via the Internet. The party had been formed abroad and it was not known who was behind it.

In October, the UN warned of a severe supply crisis in Eritrea in 2003 due to too little rain. Every third Eritrean is expected to need food assistance.

Eritrea Country Overview

Visas
Finnish citizens need a visa to Eritrea. For Finns, the closest embassy in Eritrea is in Sweden. NOTE. The passport must be valid for 6 months from arrival in the country. Visa policies and rates are subject to change without notice depending on local authorities.

Insurance
Every person participating in the trip must have a valid travel insurance that covers medical expenses in the event of illness or other similar need. Please check the validity of your own insurance and the terms and conditions of the insurance cancellation cover.

Please pay attention to the special nature of your trip and check the coverage of the insurance in that respect as well. In many locations, the insurance must also be valid when moving at an altitude of more than 3,000 meters, in which case it also covers mountain sickness.

Many hiking or diving trips require more extensive insurance, which covers, for example, diving or moving on a glacier. Please check the contents of your insurance with your insurance company.

Vaccinations
Check that your basic vaccinations are valid (tetanus, polio and diphtheria). Hepatitis A and B vaccinations are recommended for the trip. There is a yellow fever in the country and there is a risk of malaria in the country. Always check the vaccination requirements at the health center or the Vaccination Advice of the Tourist Clinic

Currency
The Eritrean currency is the Eritrean nnakfa (ERN). Most debit cards do not work in the country, so please take the amount of money you need in cash dollars.

Time zone
In summer the same time as in Finland, in winter the difference is +1 hour.

Electric current
Eritrea’s electric current is 230 V / 50 Hz. You need an adapter for Finnish devices.

Mobile phones
Check with your operator for the coverage of your mobile phone. The area code for Eritrea is +291.

Climate In
Eritrea, the climate is hot in the lowlands but temperate in the highlands. There are two rainy seasons a year, shorter from February to April and longer from June to September. The coastal desert has the hottest average minimum temperature in Africa at 27 degrees.

Religion
There are about 50% Christians, 48% Muslims and 2% practitioners of tribal religions.