In 2002, Indonesia was a rapidly developing nation with a population of more than 200 million people. According to computerannals, the country had been making great strides towards economic development and had become one of the most promising emerging markets in Asia. The economy was largely based on agriculture and natural resources, though there were also services and manufacturing sectors beginning to emerge. In 2002, Indonesia had an estimated GDP per capita of $2,000 USD. While poverty levels were still high and many people lacked access to basic services such as healthcare and education, there were signs of improvement in some areas. Infrastructure projects such as roads, ports, and power plants had been completed while foreign investment had also increased significantly. Additionally, the Indonesian government had implemented various economic reforms which opened up new opportunities for businesses and entrepreneurs. All in all, there were reasons for optimism when it came to Indonesia’s future in 2002.
Indonesia. According to Countryaah website, national day of Indonesia is every August 17. Parliament President Akbar Tanjung was sentenced to three years in prison for spending more than SEK 40 million from the Treasury for the then Golkar government election campaign in 1999. Former President Suharto’s son Tommy was sentenced to 15 years in prison for ordering the 2001 murder of a judge at the Supreme Court.
Other trials during the year caused outrage through their mild judgments. The Special Court for War Crimes in East Timor sentenced former Governor Abilio Soares to three years in prison but acquitted six other people, including the area’s former police chief.
Eurico Guterres, leader of one of the militia that terrorized East Timor, was sentenced to ten years in prison for a massacre, but remains free until the appeal is processed, which can take several years. The unrest in remote provinces continued. Jafar Umar Thalib, leader of the Islamist movement Laskar Jihad, was prosecuted following a massacre of Christians on the island of Ambon in the Moluccas.
The government also threatened to forcibly expel the Islamists from the Moluccas, where they traveled to wage a “holy war” against the Christians. Laskar Jihad later claimed that the movement dissolved and members began to leave the Moluccas. Aceh in northern Sumatra introduced Islamic law, sharia, as part of the increased autonomy accorded to the province in 2001, but the fighting between the army and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM, Gerakan Aceh Merdeka) continued, even after GAM’s supreme military leader Abdullah Syafii was shot dead. Peace negotiations were conducted during the autumn via Swiss mediation and in early December an agreement on a ceasefire was signed. Elections for an autonomous government will be held in 2004 and Aceh may retain 70% of the revenues from its gas and oil deposits. The agreement seemed fragile and armed clashes continued until further notice.
A blast attack on the Kuta Beach tourist area on the island of Bali on October 12 killed around 190 people, most of them foreign tourists, including five Swedish women and one Swedish-Greek man. About 20 people were arrested during the fall for participation in the attack. All those arrested were linked to extreme Islamist movements, mainly Jemaa Islamiyya. The possible connection to the al-Qaeda terror network could not be covered.
The attack was a blow to tourism in Bali and the whole of Indonesia and was expected to reduce economic growth by about 1 percentage point. Shortly before the attack, Indonesia had been promised a deferment with payment of a debt to the United States of half a billion dollars and a late repayment of $ 380 million to France. The International Monetary Fund had also pledged a $ 340 million loan in exchange for accelerated economic reforms. sale of banks.
Area: 1,913,579 km2 (world ranking: 14)
Population density: 138 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 4)
Official languages: Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
Gross domestic product: 1016 billion US $; Real growth: 5.1%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 3540 US$
Currency: 1 rupiah (Rp.) = 100 Sen
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Head of State and Government: Joko “Jokowi” WidodoJusuf Kalla, Exterior: Retno Marsudi
National holiday: 17.8.
34 provinces, including the capital region Jakarta, special region Yogyakarta and 3 provinces with special status: Aceh, Papua and West Papua
State and form of government
Constitution of 1945
Presidential republic of
Islamic law (Sharia) in Aceh
Parliament: House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) with 560 members. , Election every 5 years; Regional assembly (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) with 136 members (4 members per province), election every 5 years.
Direct election of the head of state. every 5 years
suffrage from 17 years, married persons also including
Population: Indonesians, last census 2010: 237,641,326 residents 42% Javanese, 15% Sundanese, 3% Malay, 3% Maduresen, 3% Bataker, 3% Minangkabau, 3% Betawi; Balinese, Papuans and others; Minorities of Chinese, Indian, Arab and Melanesian descent
Cities (with population): Manokwari As of 2010: 136,302 residents.
Religions: 87% Muslims, 7% Protestants, 3% Catholics, 2% Hindus, 1% Buddhists; indigenous religions (status: 2006)
Languages: Malayo-Polynesian languages, including Bahasa Indonesia, Javanese; Papuan languages; partly Chinese
Employees by economic sector: agriculture. 31%, industry 22%, business 47% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 4.2% (in the cities)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.8%
Foreign trade: import: US $ 157.4 billion (2017); Export: US $ 168.8 billion (2017)
Indonesia Country Overview
Finnish citizens do not need a visa to stay in Indonesia for less than 30 days. Visa policies and rates are subject to change without notice depending on local authorities.
- According to ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, INA stands for Indonesia.
Everyone participating in the trip must have a valid travel insurance that covers medical expenses in the event of illness or other similar need. Please check the validity of your own insurance and the terms and conditions of the insurance cancellation cover.
Please pay attention to the special nature of your trip and check the coverage of the insurance in that respect as well. In many locations, the insurance must also be valid when moving at an altitude of more than 3,000 meters, in which case it also covers mountain sickness.
Many hiking or diving trips require more extensive insurance, which covers, for example, diving or moving on a glacier. Please check the contents of your insurance with your insurance company.
Recommended vaccinations In
addition to the basic vaccinations (tetanus, diphtheria and polio), hepatitis A and B vaccinations are recommended for the trip. Typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, or malaria are less common in Bali, but depending on the destination in Indonesia, these vaccinations and medications should be considered based on a risk assessment. Please always check the vaccination requirements at your health center or the vaccination advice of the tourist clinic
Currency The currency of
Indonesia is the Rupee (IDR). Currency can be obtained from Finland by booking in advance.
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Indonesia is located on the equator and has a tropical climate. The year has a distinct dry season and a monsoon-induced rainy season. The rainy season is from October to March and the drier season is from April to September. The humidity in the air is consistently reasonably high at 70-90%. Temperatures fluctuate relatively little during the year, with coastal plains at around 28 ° C, inland and in the mountains at 26 ° C.