Liechtenstein 2002

Yearbook 2002

Liechtenstein. According to Countryaah website, national day of Liechtenstein is every August 15. The status of the prosperous principality as a tax haven has been increasingly questioned over a number of years. Following previous criticism, Liechtenstein had made some changes and, among other things, sharpened its measures against the laundering of black money. But in April, the country ended up on the OECD’s list of countries accused of still being too reluctant to increase transparency in banking operations. The designated countries are threatened by sanctions from 2003.

Liechtenstein Border Countries Map

The EU also pushed for information exchange on foreign-owned bank accounts, but Liechtenstein and other small states awaited tough negotiations between Switzerland and the Union.

Country data

Area: 160 km2 (world ranking: 191)

Population: 38,000

Population density: 238 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 191)

Capital: Vaduz

Official languages: German

Gross domestic product: CHF 6.1 billion; nominal increase: 1.4%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): n / a

Currency: 1 Swiss franc (sfr) = 100 cents


Mohrenstr. 42, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 52000630,
Fax 030 52000631

Head of State: Hans-Adam II., Head of Government: Adrian Hasler, Outside: Aurelia Frick

National Day: 15.8. (Birthday of the former Prince Franz Josef II.)

Administrative structure
11 municipalities

State and form of government
Constitution of 1921
Parliamentary monarchy
State religion: Catholicism
Economic and monetary community with Switzerland
Parliament (Landtag) with 25 members, election every 4 years
Suffrage from 18 J.

Population of: Liechtenstein
residents, last census 2010: 36,475 residents. Proportion of foreigners 2016: 33.8% (mainly Swiss, Austrians, Germans, Italians)

Cities (with population): (2017) Schaan 6039 residents, Vaduz 5521, Triesen 5155, Balzers 4591, Eschen 4387, Mauren 4344, Triesenberg 2608, Ruggell 2268, Gamprin 1658, Schellenberg 1084, Planken 456

Religions: 76% Catholics, 8% Protestants, 5% Muslims and others; 5% non-denominational (as of 2006)

Languages: German; Alemannic dialect

Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 1%, industry 38%, business 61% (2016)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 1.9%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.5%

Foreign trade: Import: CHF 1.980 billion (2017); Export: CHF 3.4 billion (2017)


The political situation of the country since 1978 has been characterized by the presence of coalition governments led by the leader of the Patriotic Union H. Brunhart, and only since 1993 has it begun to undergo some changes. In the February legislative elections, for the first time, a third party, the Free List (of ecological inspiration), was represented in Parliament by two deputies, while the Patriotic Union obtained 11 and the Progressive Citizens’ Party 12 (since 1989 the number of parliamentarians had been increased from 15 to 25). The main exponent of the latter group, M. Buchel, formed a new executive in May, which a few months later went into crisis, following a motion of no confidence presented by members of his own party, critical of the style of government of the Prime Minister considered excessively personalistic.

After the dissolution of Parliament and new elections, which took place in October 1993, the Patriotic Union regained the leadership of the government, having obtained 13 seats against the 11 of the Progressive Citizens’ Party (the Free List got only one deputy). Its new leader, M. Frick, formed a coalition cabinet that promoted the accession of the Liechtenstein to the European Economic Area (SEE), which took place in May 1995 following the results of a referendum, and led the country until subsequent consultations. policies, which took place in February 1997. These, while not leading to significant changes in the composition of Parliament (one less seat for the Progressive Citizens’ Party and one more for environmentalists), were followed by the breaking of the decades-long alliance between the two main parties and by the formation, in April, of a single-color cabinet, the first since 1938, of the Patriotic Union, led by Frick himself. The basis of this solution was, beyond the personal rivalry between Frick and the opposing leader N. Seeger, precisely the electoral outcome, which had convinced the Progressive Citizens’ Party not to enter a new coalition and to place itself in the opposition, with the aim of acquiring a distinct and visible center-right position.