Madagascar. According to Countryaah website, national day of Madagascar is every June 26. Political chaos paralyzed Madagascar more than half the year. Company manager Marc Ravalomanana claimed he won the presidential election in December 2001 and demanded to be installed as head of state without a crucial second round of elections. Daily demonstrations in the capital Antananarivo and extensive strikes in support of Ravalomanana halted trade and administration. Already in February, the strikes were considered to cost Madagascar over SEK 100 million. a day. The entire debt relief granted by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund was wasted.
In late February, Ravalomanana proclaimed president and appointed his own government. While the army showed signs of failing in loyalty to the official government, five of the country’s six provincial governors declared the port city of Toamasina a new capital. Supporters of incumbent President Didier Ratsiraka blocked roads from the coast to Antananarivo, leading to severe commodity and fuel shortages in the capital. Demonstrations around the country became increasingly violent and began to demand the deaths. Struggles occurred in several directions between army factions.
The Supreme Court in April dissolved the Constitutional Court, which consisted entirely of judges loyal to Ratsiraka. After a new count of votes, the new Constitutional Court declared Ravalomanana as the winner with just over 51% of the vote, after which he was installed as president a second time. However, the conflict continued. Several provinces declared themselves independent states in protest against Ravalomanana, and it was not until July that the new president had reasonable control of the country after the entire army moved to his side and defeated the resistance. Most Western countries now recognized the new regime, while the African Union has so far not granted Madagascar membership. In total, the conflict demanded some 70 lives.
At a Paris conference in July, the outside world pledged $ 2.3 billion in reconstruction assistance over four years, of which just over half would be disbursed as emergency aid in 2002. However, as a condition of long-term support, aid countries required guarantees of Ravalomanana’s ability to restore stability in the country. Therefore, a new election was held in December, which resulted in a grand victory for the party Tiako´i Madagasikara (TIM; “I love Madagascar”), quickly built up by the president’s staff. TIM received 102 of Parliament’s 160 seats and related parties another 30 seats.