In 2002, Nauru was an island nation located in the Central Pacific Ocean with a population of approximately 10,000 people. It was one of the least developed countries in the world, with an estimated per capita GDP of just over US$1,000. The economy was largely based on phosphate mining and offshore banking. Infrastructure was limited with only 25% of the population having access to electricity and 44% having access to improved water sources. Education levels were also relatively low with only around 40% of the population being literate. According to computerannals, Nauru had been making progress in recent years in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. The government had implemented several economic reform measures such as reducing taxes and increasing foreign investment which had helped to boost the country’s economy. In addition, efforts were being made to improve health care services and access to education for all citizens. As a result of these initiatives, Nauru had achieved a higher standard of living than many other developing countries in the region at that time. Additionally, efforts were being made to reduce corruption and increase transparency in government operations which had helped to foster an environment conducive to foreign investment.
Nauru. In July, the government changed course in China. According to Countryaah website, national day of Nauru is every January 31. Diplomatic relations were established with China at the same time as the 22-year-old relations with Taiwan were broken. Taiwan called the policy “dollar diplomacy” because China promised Nauru $ 137 million in aid.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||160,000,000 USD|
|GDP growth rate||4.00%|
|GDP per capita||$ 12,300|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||–|
|Distribution of household income|
|Top 10%||k. A.|
|Lower 10%||k. A.|
|Industrial production growth rate|
|National debt||62.00% of GDP|
Nauru’s political system, based on the 1968 Constitution, entrusts legislative power to a single-chamber Parliament and the executive to a Council of State chaired by the President of the Republic. In a political climate cyclically marked by the explosion of tensions between the two main camps, that of the supporters of H. De Roburt and the opposition group (Nauru Party, which became the Democratic Party of Nauru in 1987), from May 1968 to August 1989 the presidency was held, except for short periods, by De Roburt. After a period of severe instability, in November 1995 L. Harris, leader of the Democratic Party of Nauru, defeated in subsequent consultations (February 1997) by K. Clodumar. He was in turn replaced in June 1998 by B. Dowiyogo, who remained in office until April 1999, when R. Harris took over.
In the fall of 2001, Nauru received about 1,000 boat refugees who tried to make their way to Australia, but were denied land there. As compensation, Nauru received $ 30 million from Australia. A year later, it was still unclear where the refugees, both the few who were granted asylum and those who were denied asylum, would take the road. The Nauru government and Amnesty International criticized Australia.
Nauru is one of the seven countries that remain on the OECD’s black list of tax havens and who are threatened by sanctions if they do not accept greater transparency in the banking business.
Nauru Country Overview
Visas and admission
Finnish citizen needs a visa for Nauru. Visa application is done by e-mail from Nauru.
The passport must be valid for 6 months after leaving the country.
- According to ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, NRU stands for Nauru.
Every person participating in the trip must have a valid travel insurance that covers medical expenses in the event of illness or other similar need. Please check the validity of your own insurance and the terms and conditions of the insurance cancellation cover.
Please pay attention to the special nature of your trip and check the coverage of the insurance in that respect as well.
Many dive trips require more extensive insurance. Please check the contents of your insurance with your insurance company.
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD). € 1 is about 1.55 AUD. Laughter is just a cash payment.
Check that your basic vaccinations are valid (tetanus, polio and diphtheria and MPR). Hepatitis A and B vaccinations are recommended for the trip.
Always check the vaccination requirements at the health center or the Vaccination Advice of the Tourist Clinic
The electric current is 240 V / 50 Hz. Sockets are similar to, for example, in Australia.
We stay in safe areas during our trip, but general caution within common sense is desirable throughout the trip.
For more information on traveling in the country, see the English Foreign Office’s travel bulletin, for example.