Papua New Guinea. As the year began, tribal battles continued in the southern Highlands province. Up to February more than 120 people were killed and several hundred were injured. Villages were burned down and the area was haunted by a crime wave. According to Countryaah website, national day of Papua New Guinea is every September 16. Prime Minister Mekere Morauta promised increased resources to fight the growing crime, which plagued other parts of the country as well.
For the second time in a year, mutiny broke out in the army, when a group of soldiers in March took control of a place in the Sepik area and, among other things. demanded the resignation of the government. The crisis was resolved after a couple of weeks and the mythists were arrested.
In June, the parliamentary elections, which were scheduled to last for two weeks, were extended but extended for almost a month. The elections were surrounded by violence in several provinces and at least 25 people were killed. Some of the victims were candidates in the election.
The incumbent government lost power in the elections. The ruling party People’s Democratic Movement (PDM) had to settle for 13 seats, while opposition leader Michael Somares National Alliance became the largest party in parliament with 19 out of 109 seats. No less than 15 lots were selected. With the support of a loose sea party coalition and independent members, Somare was able to form a government. Thus, the 66-year-old country father returned as prime minister for the third time.
Somare decided to halt planned sales of state-owned companies, such as airlines, banks and telecom companies. The privatizations had been demanded by the World Bank and the IMF but condemned in a series of popular protests.
A provincial governor who claimed that the country’s value-added tax violated the Constitution, was granted by the Supreme Court in September. The result shook the government, which risked repayment of several years’ tax revenue, while struggling with a large budget deficit after Morauta’s time in power. The crisis was resolved when the government agreed with the governor on a new tax form, which gave the province more dividends. The Supreme Court thus changed its ruling.
Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby
Port Moresby, capital of Papua New Guinea; 317,400 residents (2012). Port Moresby is located on Papua Bay in southeastern New Guinea and is the country’s center for trade and industry. There are food industries, breweries, repair yards, rolling mills and manufacturing of machinery and building materials. Port Moresby has a university and an international airport.
Port Moresby became the headquarters of the British New Guinea colony in 1885 and the capital of Papua New Guinea in 1975.