Pyrenees in Spain
The Pyrenees extend over a length of 430 kilometers. The wonderful mountain range with its fascinating landscapes and rock formations separates the Iberian Peninsula in the south from the rest of Europe. Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees border two seas.
The area of the mountain range forms the state border between France and Spain.
The small dwarf state of Andorra is nestled in the middle of the mountains. There is a very special flair here. The air is very humid and yet clear. The wooded surroundings are captivatingly beautiful and cast a spell over the visitor. The dominant color in the small state of Andorra is green. This is of course due to the rich green color of the landscapes.
If you want to tour the Pyrenees, you may have to decide which part to see. A distinction is made in the mountains between the western, the high and eastern Pyrenees.
The highest mountain in the Pyrenees is the Pico de Aneto. This is located in the Maladeta massif and measures an impressive 3,404 meters. The breathtaking thing about the Pyrenees and their landscapes are the more than 200 peaks, all of which are more than 3,000 meters high. The highest mountains are covered with glaciers.
Special glacier landscapes
Scientists are sounding the alarm, however, because the glaciers have been in an extremely rapid retreat process since the middle of the 19th century.
Unfortunately, the glaciers are losing size. The Ossoue Glacier, for example, has been due to the retreat of the glacier on the Vignemale lost a lot of its size. This will continue to do so. Obviously, this development cannot be stopped. Despite everything, these impressive ice masses are definitely worth a visit and hike.
Important function of the Pyrenees
The Pyrenees have a function in the cultural field that is closely linked to the Alpine region. For example, the residents of the Pyrenees in the three neighboring countries of France, Spain and Andorra speak the same languages. Catalan, Gascon and Basque are spoken in all three areas.
Living and working in the Pyrenees
The people living there mainly use the fertile land for agriculture. Not just that Agriculture is in the foreground here, livestock and pasture farming in particular benefit from the lush and lush green of the Pyrenees. Here lies a piece of earth that appears completely untouched and healthy. The Pyrenean farmers use their herds of sheep, cattle and goats to produce numerous types of cheese that are also internationally popular and recognized. In summer you can also see the large herds on the high alpine pastures. In addition, the entire area, especially on the Spanish side, is known for its wine-growing areas. The most wonderful types of wine flourish and mature here.
If you go hiking here in the Pyrenees, you can not only marvel at the extensive agriculture, but also find some of the ones here Limestone caves.
The Pyrenees were formed about 50 to 100 million years ago. The rock types in the mountain range are different. In addition to the limestone formations, you can also find granite. The fold mountains were probably covered by a closed ice sheet during the Würm Ice Age. This allowed glacial lakes to form in various valleys. This natural spectacle should not be missed.
The mixed forests on the French side invite you to wonderful hiking tours or cycling trips. Even brown bears still live here. Most of them are at an altitude of 1,800 meters.
Roses in Spain
Only 20,000 people live permanently in the city Roses. This is in the Spanish region of Catalonia in the Comarca Alt Emporda. The Gulf of Roses flows past here. The area is located in the province of Girona and knows wonderful landscapes. Roses is synonymous with rosas. This is the same place, but in Spanish it is called Rosas.
Journey of discovery by Roses
archaeologists assume that the Rosas region must have been inhabited very early. The oldest traces go back to the megalithic culture. There are three large dolmens in Rosaes, which date from 3000 BC. Must come from BC. You can visit these impressive structures today. A citadel located here covers an area of 40,000 square meters. Significant archaeological finds have been made here. Here, for example, are the remains of the Greek settlement Rhode, which was built in 776 BC. Was created by the Rhodians. The current name of the city of Rosas is derived from this settlement at that time.
The Romans too discovered this piece of land and established a Roman settlement in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. When you visit this branch you immediately notice the impressive entrance gate. However, this does not come from the Roman phase, but was only added by Charles I in the 16th century.
The Romans were replaced by the Visigoths. They built a fort in the 7th century, of which only the structures can be seen today. If you visit the Puig Rom mountain, which is 240 meters high, you will discover the Castell de la Trinitat. This is a military facility which was built by Emperor Charles V. was built. He had the castle built in 1544. From the observation tower, the tourists have a fantastic view over the High Ampurdan to the Pyrenees.
The landscapes of Rosas
The Cap de Creus peninsula is a wonderful nature reserve which borders directly on Rosas. This gives holidaymakers and visitors the opportunity to take a trip here. The other neighbors of Rosa are Empuriabrava, Cadaqués, El Port de la Selva, Palau Saverdera and La Selva de Mar.
An impressive sandy beach stretches for 3 kilometers. The region is particularly popular for hiking and beach holidays. The new marina dates back to 2003 and offers plenty of mooring and entertainment options. The promenade is also ideal for a relaxing walk. At the marina you will find several connected and dreamy bays. There is plenty of room for romance here.
Economy in Rosas
As the Rosas region is close to the Pyrenees, it is also used for tourism. Since the 1960s, tourism has been the main source of income and the largest occupation here. The service industries for holidaymakers and visitors continue to flourish. The beautiful landscapes attract a large number of visitors. Camping is very popular here. In the main season, around 100,000 camping enthusiasts from all over the world come to the four campsites in the city to spend their holidays here.