Solomon Islands 2002

Yearbook 2002

Solomon Islands. According to Countryaah website, national day of Solomon Islands is every July 7. The country was severely affected by unemployment, poverty and crime in the wake of the civil war. Despite the conclusion of the peace agreement at the end of 2000, large quantities of weapons were still in operation. The hard-pressed government requested financial assistance from Australia and New Zealand to, among other things, health care, schools and police, but was told that law and order must be established before money can be paid out.

Solomon Islands Border Countries Map

However, advisers were sent to the police corps, which was characterized by near enough chaos and largely consisted of former militiamen. International peace observers who were to disarm militia groups were sometimes threatened with violence. Many people were killed in violent situations, including in the northwest that was the home of rebels from the previous civil war in neighboring Papua New Guinea. At the end of the year, some remote islands were severely devastated by Hurricane Zoe, but residents survived the disaster.

Geography and environment

There are eight larger volcanic and forest-covered islands in two parallel northwest-southeast directions and 992 smaller islands and atolls. The big islands are mountainous and earthquakes often occur. The highest point is Mount Popomanaseu on the Guadalcanal, 2335 meters above sea level.

Solomon Islands has tropical rainfall with an average temperature of 26.5 o C. July-August is the coolest period. It is most rainy from November to April and usually a cyclone annually. The annual rainfall is about 3050 milliliters, but south of Guadalcanal it measured 11,500 millimeters in one year.

The big islands have rainforests with, among other things, ferns, palm trees, ebony and fig trees. There are coconut trees and mangroves on the coasts. Where the rainforest is removed there is grassy landscape with grass.

There are 54 mammal species; many are endemic (native) such as several species of bats and tree-climbing nude rats. In the sea on the coast live dugong (sea cow) and several species of whales. About 235 species of birds are described; endemic ones include the owl, brown-tailed eagle and white-headed pigeon.

There are about 70 reptiles, including five species of sea ‚Äč‚Äčturtles and delta crocodile. Several of the 20 snake species are poisonous.