In 2002, Tajikistan was a landlocked country located in Central Asia with a population of around 6 million people. It had been an independent republic since 1991 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and its official language was Tajik, although Russian was also widely spoken. The economy of Tajikistan was largely driven by its agricultural sector which accounted for around one third of GDP in 2002, while other important industries included aluminium production, textiles and energy. Despite its wealth there were still some social issues such as gender inequality with women holding fewer positions in politics than men. In addition to this, there were also high levels of poverty due to economic mismanagement and corruption leading to an estimated 30-40% living below the poverty line in 2002. Healthcare services were provided free of charge for all residents regardless of their nationality or income level but education was not free and only available to those who could afford it or had access through family connections. According to computerannals, Tajikistan had achieved a certain degree of stability by 2002 while still striving towards greater social equality and economic prosperity for all its citizens.
Tajikistan. During the year, Tajikistan became the last former Soviet Republic to join NATO’s Partnership for Peace program. From NATO, Tajikistan received praise for its prominent role in the US-led fight against terrorism, along the Afghan border.
According to Countryaah website, national day of Tajikistan is every September 9. President Imomali Rachmonov, however, seemed to be using the anti-terror campaign in the region to fight against the Islamist opposition in Tajikistan. Members of the Islamic Renewal Party were accused of extremism, and Rachmonov claimed that there were ties between the party and the Tajikistans arrested in Afghanistan and held captive by the United States. As a result, over 30 mosques were closed in the Isfara district in the north and many imams were moved accused of political activity. The police and security services also made a blow during the year against the banned Islamist movement Hizb ut-Tahir. Several members were sentenced to severe prison sentences.
At the same time, the regime seemed willing to approach its political rivals in the Chudzhand province in northwestern Tajikistan. Abdulaziz Chamidov, former governor of the province, was sentenced in June to 15 years in prison. The charges were broad: plans for coups, assassination attempts on the president, creation of illegal militia groups, corruption. Several alleged accomplices were also sentenced. Chamidov is related to Rachmonov’s political main enemy, former Prime Minister Abdumalik Abdulladzhanov, who also hails from the Chudzhand province.
Several journalists who reported on the military’s harsh recruitment methods were forcibly recruited at the end of the year as punishments.
About 75% of the population is made up of Tajiks, a people of Iranian descent, indeed the only people who still speak an Indo-European language in the Turan region. They are divided into residents of the mountains, who have remained purer, and residents of the plain, who have mingled with the Uzbeks; the former, better known as Galcia, live permanently on the western side of the Pamir, and in some regions, such as Karategin, Darvaz, Badakšan; they have retained sufficient unity of type, while elsewhere ethnic homogeneity has been broken, so that many Tajiks no longer speak their mother tongue, which is an Iranian language now taught in schools (since 1926 it is written with the Latin alphabet). Quiet, hospitable, tolerant, the Tajiks are distinguished from the Uzbeks for a great simplicity of life and a strong sense of justice; active and enterprising, very skilled in dealing with commercial affairs, although not always very honest, they have full knowledge of their economic strength, which makes them superior to their neighbors, the Uzbeks, who represent 21% of the population in Tajikistan. Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, Turkmen, Arabs, Jews and Russians make up a small minority. The Tajiks are Muslims, although not very observant; among many of them very ancient pagan forms survive. In Tajikistan, the sedentary live in brick houses with reed roofs; they are always low due to the frequency of earthquakes; nomads live in tents. Education is very backward and until a few years ago it was estimated that illiterate people amounted to at least 95%, especially in Badakšan; great efforts are now being made to spread the education and also to improve health conditions. The unrest of 1917 and the following years pushed many residents of Tajikistan to emigrate to Persia and Afghānistān, so that the 1926 census gave just 827,500 residents approximately; but now there is a notable demographic recovery and in 1934 there were 1,332,700 residents, including 35,700 residents. of the autonomous province of Badakšan Montano, which occupies the south-eastern part of Tajikistan. The density is 5.7 residents per sq. km. Just 9% of the residents live in urban centers in Tajikistan and only 1200 residents constitute the urban population of Badakšan; the rest live in small villages or isolated houses. Just 9% of the residents live in urban centers in Tajikistan and only 1200 residents constitute the urban population of Badakšan; the rest live in small villages or isolated houses. Just 9% of the residents live in urban centers in Tajikistan and only 1200 residents constitute the urban population of Badakšan; the rest live in small villages or isolated houses.
Small changes in the government
President Rakhon presents his new government. The most important ministers will remain in it, including Prime Minister Rasulzoda.
President Rahmon is re-elected
When the presidential election is held, 91 percent of voters vote for President Rahmon, according to the election authority. Thus, he can remain in the presidency for another seven-year term. Turnout is just over 85 percent, according to the election authority.
President Rahmon is running for re-election
The ruling People’s Democratic Party nominates President Rahmon as its candidate in the October presidential election. There has been much speculation that Rahmon, who has been in power for almost 30 years, would hand over the helm to his eldest son Rustam Emomali, mayor of Dushanbe. Now it seems that Rahmon intends to stay for a while longer. The term of office of the President is seven years. Another four parties have nominated presidential candidates, but none of them are expected to challenge Rahmon.